Reading Comprehension Lesson Design: Visualization
Comprehension is a very important goal of reading. Visualization is a means of learning comprehension. Students need to learn to visualize the text as they read. By doing so, they will paint a picture in their head of what is going on in the text. This is important because it will help students to remember the story and comprehend the book. This lesson will help students listen to and read stories while visualizing the text, thus comprehending the story.
Morning fellow astronauts. Today our mission is to Mars. Be
sure to buckle your seat belt and enjoy the voyage. There will be many
to observe on this trip so be sure you pay close attention to what is
you. Ready --- here we go. If you notice to your right, we’ve only been
few seconds but it seems like earth is so far away already doesn’t it.
left you will see the great ball of fire; we know it as the sun.
getting close, be sure you’re still buckled cause its gonna be a rocky
Here we are. You can unbuckle now and exit the shuttle to your right.
the landscape. Notice how very different it is from Opelika. Think
things that make it different. Look over there…..those rocks are
go closer. You can pick one up and look at it. Observe its shape size
You can even break it, if you can and look at the inside. Ok now its
time to go
but you must leave your rock here. Back to the shuttle. Buckle up. Here
The ride back might be a little bumpy so be prepared. We’ll soon be
There’s earth, notice how it gets larger as we get closer. Alright,
are, back on earth. You may unbuckle and exit the shuttle. Have a nice
day! (Ok, you can open
your eyes now.)
going to call on a few of
you and I want you to tell me what you saw in your head (call
on 2 or 3 students). Sounds like you all saw different things. That’s
interesting! Does anybody know what we call it when we picture things
head? (Students might say imagine, brainstorm, picture, dream, see, or
other things. Be sure that you let them know those answers are all
that visualization is a word that means the same thing).
is a very
important thing that we do in our brains. When we hear things, we have
great ability to see things in my head. When I say “there is a bowl of
the table”, in your head, you might visualize a wooden bowl with
apples, oranges, grapes, and pears. Or you might visualize a ceramic
only bananas in it. Visualizing is fun, because we get to use our
When I visualize a fruit bowl, it doesn’t look the same as the fruit
though many times we all
visualize things different, visualizing can help us to see the same
Listen to this description of a fruit bowl: On the table there is
red, oval, ceramic bowl. In the bowl there are bananas that are not yet
some red grapes, and granny smith apples. Now, I bet everyone’s
are a little more the same.
also help us to
find things and figure things out. If I asked Jim to go to my desk and
red binder with a yellow post-it on top, he would visualize that in his
When he gets to my desk, he would look for what it was he had
we’ve talked about how
important visualization is and how much fun it can be. Do you know that
visualization can help us to be better readers? How do you think that
visualization might help us to read stories better? (Allow
a few students to give answers). That’s right, when we read a sentence,
it has a description then we can visualize it in our heads. When might
visualizing be very important in a story? That’s right, when we are
about the characters and setting. When I read the sentence “Tom was an
adventuresome little boy, ragged around the edges,” I visualize a short
boy with dirty blond hair that hasn’t been washed in a while, wearing
that are ripped and rolled up on one leg. Now I bet that your
a little different.
we are going to start
reading The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and this is a great book
practice our visualization. Pay close attention to all the details in
because they are great and will help you visualize the story. You will
I’m sure, because of some of the things you visualize. After we finish
book, we will watch the movie and see how our visualizations compare to
movie company visualized the movie.
8. I want you to read the first chapter in Tom Sawyer and when you are finished, you will draw a picture to show me what you visualized as you read this section. You can let me know about the characters or the setting or a specific scene, but use as much detail as you can. I should be able to look at your picture and tell you what it look like and give a description much like what you visualized.
Allow students enough time to read the story and draw their pictures. They will turn in the pictures that were drawn. The pictures should be graded using the following guidelines as a checklist:
the student draw a picture?
Does the picture relate to the first chapter?
Does the picture relate to characters or setting?
Is the picture interpretable?
Does the picture display detail?
Does the picture portray comprehension of the first chapter?
Reference:<>McIntosh, Kelly. “Adventures of Visualization” http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/guides/mcintoshrl.html
Mark. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Baronet Books: New York, New York.
here to return to Explorations.