Rationale: Beginning readers need to be fluent in letter
recognition and phoneme awareness in order to be able to learn to read. Phoneme awareness is the ability to find
vocal gestures in spoken words. This
lesson is designed for children to understand the a=/a/ correspondence.
for each child
for the teacher
Picture of a
baggies for each
child containing letter for letter box lesson (a, t, c, b, f, d, r, g,
Dry erase board
written on cards
for assessment purposes
- Introduction: “As you know words are
made up of sounds. Can anyone tell me what
letter makes the /a/ sound? That’s right! The /a/ sound is made by the letter A! If you stretch the sound out it kind of sounds
like a crying baby, doesn’t it?” Model for the children.
- Teach background knowledge: On a dry
erase board write the letter A and make the crying baby sound. Have all the children do it after you. “Now I have a tongue twister that I want you
to learn because it will help you remember the /a/ sound.
Let’s try it! Adam and Amy ate apples and sat on an ant hill. Let’s do it together. Aaaadam
aaand Aaaamy ate aaaaples aaand saaaat on aaan aaant hill.
How many times did we hear the /a/ sound? 8, that’s right!”
- Now we are going to see if you can
pick the /a/ sound out of some words. I’m
going to say two words and I want to see if you can hear it. I will model for the children picking between
hand and foot. Haaand and foot. I hear the
/a/ sound in haaand. Now it’s your turn! Do you hear /a/ in sit or sat, pet or pat, hat
or hot, tip or tap? Now that we can pick
the /a/ sound out of words we are going to practice making words with
- Have children get out their letter
boxes and their baggies of letters. I will
do a letter box lesson including the words at, cab, fad, rag, ham, and
hand. We will use the letters a, t, c, b,
f, d, r, g, h, and m.
- We will then read “Cat Nap” which is a
decodable book for the /a/ sound. The
children will have a chance to participate in a guided reading lesson
on this book in which we all work together to sound out the words.
- Assessment: For
each child I will give them a new /a/ word and have them read it. Some will be actual words and some will be
Murray, B.A., and
Lesniak, T. (1999) ”The Letterbox
hands-on approach for teaching decoding.” The Reading Teacher,
1999. pp. 644-650
Click here to
return to Explorations