"Watch out for that Choo Choo Train!"


Beginning Reading


Summer Patterson



Rationale:  In this lesson the children are going to read and spell words with ch in them to help them to be able to recognize the phoneme ch.  The children first have to understand that this phoneme is represented by two letters.




Primary paper


Worksheets with pictures and words on them.

(Pictures:  chimney, frog, chair, cloud, flowers, chips, and children)

Chart with tongue twister- CHip and CHuck CHewed CHerries.

Letterboxes and Letters for words:  Chuck, chap, chop, chart, chick, chin, and chess

Letters needed: ch, i, c, k, a, o, p, r, n, t, e, and s.

Book:  Chips for the Chicks by Geri Murray (make copies of this book for your whole class)




1.)     Introduction:  Today we are going to learn that c and h together make the /ch/ sound when they are put together.

2.)     Practice:  Does anyone know what kind of sound a train makes?  Choo Choo! Very Good!  It makes the ch-ch sound.  So now I want everyone to raise your arm up like a horn and pull it down like a train horn.

3.)     Tongue Twister:  Now I am going to read you a sentence off the chart.  Chip and Chuck Chewed Cherries.  Now I want you to say it with me.  While we read it together I want you to listen for the /ch/ sound in the words and remember to pull your horns when you hear the /ch/ sound.

4.)     Letterbox Lesson:  Pass out the letters and the letter boxes to each student.  Now I want everyone to turn your letters to the lower case side.  Very Good!  Now I am going to model with the word chat.  Chat-I hear a /a/ in the middle and it makes the /a/ sound.  I hear a /ch/ in the beginning and we have learned that ch makes that sound.  At the end of the word I hear /t/ which is the sound for t.  Let's look at our ch it is taped together.  Does anyone know why it is taped?  Because it makes one sound when put together.  Now do the letter box lesson (Use short vowels only in the letter box lesson.)  Very Good!  Now I want everyone to listen while I spell the words and you say them.  For ex. Chat.  Chat begins with /ch/ and says /a/ in the middle.  And the last sound we hear is /t/ so when we blend these sounds we get the word chat.  Now I will spell the words and you say them one at a time. Note Miscues.

5.)     Reading:  I will read to the children the book:  Chips for the Chicks by Geri Murray.  Listen for the /ch/ sound while we read.  After we read I want you to get your primary paper and go back through the book and write down all the words with ch in them.  (After I read the book to the children I will pass out the copies of the book to the children for them to read.)

6.)     Assessment:  Give each student a worksheet with pictures on one side and words on the other.  I want you to match the words with the pictures that have the /ch/ sound and ch in them.  Take these worksheets up after the children are through.  Do a running record for each child on the book that you previously read to them and that they had the chance to look at and read. (This time children will read it individually to you.)




Murray, Bruce and Theresa Lesniak.  "The letterbox lesson:  A hands on approach for teaching decoding" The Reading Teacher. Vol. 52, No. 6.  March 1999.


Eldridge, J. Lloyd.  Teaching Decoding in Holistic Classrooms.  Prentice Hall: 1995 pg. 36.