Rationale: Comprehension is the
reading. A great strategy for students
to use in comprehension is to summarize the information.
In this lesson students learn to identify
important and less important details of a text in creating a summary.
Highlighters and Black markers for each child
Copies of “Are Plastic Bags Harming the
National Geographic for
Kids. Reported by John Roach and
written by Sara
Ives. April 5,2004.
- “Today we are going to learn how
create a summary of text we read. Creating
a summary means finding the most important parts and putting them in a
shorter form than the original. Summaries
can help us tell a friend the information in a quick way.”
- “Follow along with me as I read
this paragraph and make a summary. (Have
it written on the board) Lets remember that we are reading silentlty.
Our eyes move but our lips do not. Now I will read this paragraph
silently to myself. “It was raining when I
looked outside this morning. So I put on
my rain coat. I put my boots on too. The coat is yellow and the boots are red. I will stay dry.”
- “Now let’s go through and
highlight some important things in this paragraph.
The main idea of the paragraph is that it was raining and
the person put on rain gear. Raining is an
important word so I am going to highlight it, but the rest of the
sentence is not that important so I am going to mark it out. We can also mark out the two sentences that
describe the rain gear because it can be made into one.
The colors and parts of the rain gear are important so I
will highlight those. Now I have all the
important parts of this paragraph highlighted in yellow.
I can easily remember what the main idea of this paragraph
is. Now let’s take all the highlighted
information and make a short summary of this paragraph.” Allow students
to help you come up with a summary. Note
using the highlighted words and marking out the unimportant ones.
- “Now it’s your turn.! This is an
article from National Geographic about Pollution from grocery bags. Everyone take a highlighter and black marker
and read this article silently to yourself. Then
mark the important information that will help you remember the main
ideas. Mark out the less important
information.” Allow students time to read and share their ideas.
- “Now use the highlighted parts to
make a summary of this article. Remember a summary is written in your
own words and has only important information in it.”
- “When you are done share your
summary with a partner. Talk about how they are similar and different.”
Take up each students summary and check for
including important details and deleting unimportant ones.
here to return to Explorations
Plastic Bags Harming The Environment?”
National Geographic Online. November 15,