the Happy Helper
In order for children to be able to read and
must be able to distinguish the individual sounds in words. These
are called phonemes. Phonemes are the basic vocal gestures from
spoken words of language are constructed. It is essential that
learn these sounds while they are learning to read. They need to
to distinguish separate phonemes in words. This lesson will help
master the /h/ in spoken words by participating in activities using /h/.
- A little girl (Holly) cut
out of poster board with a velcro space for a hat.
- Various hat cut
outs. On the hats, these words will be written: hot, sea,
hat, hop, my, hug, hog, cat, had, how, apple, hand, bird. (These will
be for Holly to wear the correct letter/word which is the sound /h/.
- The book, Horton Hatches an Egg.
- Chart with the tongue
twister on it: ‘Holly the happy helper hugs her hats”.
- Picture cards for
assessment (hog, hat, hand, hammer,
hotdog, head, apple, bear, ball, fish, etc…)
- Chalk, chalkboard,
pencils, primary paper, and assessment worksheet.
- An introduction of the
lesson will be made by the teacher, who will explain that words are
made up of letters that represent different sounds. It is very
important to know what sounds the letters stand for when learning to
read. Another thing that is very important is being able to
identify the sounds in words. Today we are going to work on the
letter h = /h/. That sound is in many words and once we learn it,
you will notice it in many words.
- The first thing we are
going to do is to make the letter h sound. The letter h makes the
/h/ sound. I want everyone to put their hand in front of their
mouth and make a sound like me./h/.. Do you feel the air blowing on
your hand? Now put your hand on your jaw ... make the /h/ sound
again... do you feel your jaw move down when you make the sound?
- Now lets look at this
tongue twister: Read it to students Holly the happy helper hugs her
hats’.. I want all of us to read it together 4 times.. Ready GO...
Now Read it saying the /h/ REALLY loud... ready.. GO... now lets try
saying it but stop right after the /h/ sound.. let me show you /h/ olly the /h/appy /h/elper /h/ugs /h/er /h/ats... Great job with the tongue
- Lets try to write the
letter that makes the /h/ sound. Take out paper and pencils. Start at
the top and go straight down to the road. Now head up half way to your
friends house and make a turn around because you forgot your favorite
- Children will then
receive a hat with a word written on them. If the word begins
with the sound /h/ they are to come and let Holly wear the hat, by
placing the hat on top of Holly’s head. Holly the happy helper
does not receive a hat if the word does not begin with the sound
- Read the book, Horton Hatches an Egg.
- Lets practice writing
/h/ sounds… write on the board: hat,
hog, hop, hand, hot, hammer... Now students I want you to write
these words on your paper. After students are finished have students
read the words out loud.
- For assessment, take
out the picture cards and show them to the students asking which ones
have the /h/? ... How do you know?
Reference: Murray, Dr.
Bruce. 2001. The
Reading Genie Website. www.auburn.edu/rdggenie
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