Rationale: A key component to children’s success in reading is phoneme awareness. In order for a child to become phonemically aware, they must first recognize short vowel sounds and learn to decode unfamiliar words.
Materials: Primary paper, tongue twister on chart paper (Apples fall in Adam’s hat on a path), picture page containing words such as dog, fat, mad, apple, pig, sit, hat, hen, frog, cat, hand and mat, a dry erase marker, and A Cat Nap by Educational Insights.
1. HOW MANY OF YOU HAVE EVER EATEN SOMETHING THAT IT ROUND AND RED AND GROWS ON A TREE? WHAT IS THAT THING CALLED? THAT’S RIGHT—AN APPLE! ALMOST EVERYONE HAS EATEN AN APPLE RIGHT? TODAY WE ARE GOING TO TALK ABOUT THE /a/ SOUND, LIKE WE HEAR AT THE BEGINNING OF /a/a/a/PPLE.
I HAVE A TONGUE TWISTER WRITTEN ON THIS
CHART THAT HAS A LOT OF WORDS WITH THE /a/ SOUND IN IT. WHEN I
THE WORDS, I WANT YOU TO TRY TO HELP ME READ IT OUT LOUD.
(Read tongue twister as a group) APPLES FALL IN ADAM’S
3. I will then give a short lesson on the proper way to write an “a”. The children will write the letter on their primary paper while I am demonstrating it on the board.
4. YOU GUYS ARE REALLY SMART! NOW I AM GOING TO READ A REALLY GOOD BOOK TO YOU AND I WANT YOU TO LISTEN AND LOOK FOR THE /a/ SOUND IN THE WORDS. THIS IS A BOOK ABOUT A CAT. RAISE YOUR HAND IF YOU HAVE A CAT. THIS CAT IN THE BOOK LIKES TO TAKE NAPS—DO ANY OF YOU LIKE TO TAKE NAPS? WELL, THIS CAT TAKES A NAP AND WAKES UP SOMEWHERE NEW! WHERE DO YOU THINK HE IS? HOW DID HE GET THERE? LET’S READ TO FIND OUT! (I will put all students with a partner so that they can read the book aloud together)
5. Afterwards, I will give each student a picture page containing pictures and the name of the object underneath the drawing. EVERYONE LOOK AT YOUR PICTURE PAGE. THERE ARE SOME OBJECTS ON THIS PAGE THAT HAVE THE /a/ SOUND IT THEM. WHEN YOU SEE THOSE WORDS, I WANT YOU TO CIRCLE THEM. ANY WORDS THAT DO NOT HAVE THE /a/ SOUND PUT AN “X” THROUGH THEM. DOES ANY ONE HAVE ANY QUESTIONS?
I will listen as the students are reading together and assist them as needed. This will give me an assessment of each student’s decoding skills and comprehension of today’s lesson. I will then collect the picture pages as a tool of assessment as well.
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