By: Lori Hunter
Rationale: One of
the main goals for reading is comprehension. In order for children to
comprehend what they read they must learn helpful comprehension
Summarization is an effective comprehension strategy which helps
remember key points when reading text. This lesson is designed to help
develop summarization strategies by asking themselves questions as they
Developing these strategies will help them develop better comprehension
learn while reading text.
Overhead projector (or chalk and
Copy of the five W’s chart (who,
- Ask students “Can anyone tell me why
reading is important?” Give the children time to come up with answers.
Then explain to the children that is reading is needed for
communication so we can read and understand each other. We can learn
about people around the world and also learn about different things
that people like to do and what they are interested in. In order to
understand what they are talking about so we can remember it we must
learn how to comprehend. “Does anyone one know what comprehending
means?” Give time for children to answer.
- There are several comprehension
strategies. Summarization is the one we are going to concentrate on the
today. Summarization is picking out key
points in the story to remember. (Write that on the overhead or board).
There are 5 questions that you should always ask yourself when reading
to help you summarize the story. The five questions all start with the
letter W. They are Who, What, When, Where and Why. While reading a
story you would want to ask Who are the characters of the story, What
happened in the story, When did the story take place (year, day, night)
Where did the story take place? (house, farm, store, school, etc…) and
why did that happen? Tell the children that not every question might be
answered in every story that they read.
- On the board or over head projector
make up some practice sentences. This will help children learn how to
answer the five W’s. Some questions might be:
- Sally went to the store to get some
milk for her mom.
Where did sally go?
Who went to the
Why did Sally go? (
To get some
- John went to the baseball game with
his dad. They ate popcorn and hot dogs.
Where did John and
his dad go?
What did they do
hotdogs and popcorn0
*The class could then
come up with
some more questions.
4. Give the students a short paragraph on the
overhead projector. Tell them to go back to their seats quietly and
paragraph and answer the questions.
Jake is a fifth grader at Dean Road
He likes to read,
write and do math. He likes to go home after school and walk the dog
his homework. Sometimes on the weekends he goes to Auburn Football
his dad. They like to cheer, eat hotdogs, and drink coke. Jake likes to
orange and blue. He looks forward to going to the Auburn Game this
5. Have the students come up and fill in the 5 w’s
had written on the board
On the board have
*Tell the children remember that all 5 w’s might
6. Make sure students understood. If they seem to
struggling go through the story and show them and then make up another
paragraph or read a book and do the same lesson.
Assessment: assess the students on how well they
the questions on the board that you had up.
Digging through the mess
to find the treasure” by Catherine Moore courtesy of the Reading Genie