Ch, Ch, Ch, Charlie
By: Lori Hunter
children to understand how to read and write they have to understand
phoneme can represent more than one letter. Children also have to learn
understand what a diagraph is and this lesson will help children become
aware. A diagraph is two letters that come together to make one sound.
digraph for children to learn and understand is ch=/ch/. It is
learn the diagraph and when they come together in words to make one
Children will learn words and read words in this lesson with the /ch/.
will understand that when c and h come together to be friends that they
the sound /ch/.
- overhead projector,
- 2 different color markers
- four squares taped
together to create letterboxes for each child
- lower case letters for
- Bragg, Mabel C. The
little Engine that Could. Platt &
Munk Inc. 1976. New York:
- Martin, Bill Jr. Chicka
Chicka Boom Boom. Simon & Schuster
Inc. 1989. New York:
- Worksheet with /ch/ word
for each child, and pencils.
Make sure that the teacher tells the children that one sound goes into
Question that the teacher might
ask- Does /ch/ go in one box or separate box? Does c go in one and then
another? If a child answer’s they go in one box, then ask how did you
and why do they go in one box? The child should respond that it is
is one sound. If the child says separate boxes then review that one
in one box.
the children repeat several times! When doing this stop and let the
feel the placement of their tongues as they are saying the diagraph
Notice children that as you are saying the /ch/ sound that your tongue
at the roof of your mouth and then moves down behind your teeth.
“Charlie Chuckles at
Chicka Chicken on the choo, choo, train!”
- Write on the board a “c”. Ask the children what sound does the letter c
make? Then wait on a response. Then ask the children to come up with four
words that start with c (cat, cook, curb, cake, etc.) Write them on the
board or overhead projector. Then write
the letter h. Ask what sound the letter h
makes. Wait on a response. After
the response, let the children tell you four words that start with h
(happy, hat, hot, hook, etc.) and then write them on the board. Then write a c and an h next to each other, but
far enough apart that they are not touching. Ask
the children if they know what sound c and h might make if they become
best friends. Then place them together
right next to each other. Have them
walking to the park together. Tell the
children that every time they do stuff together, they make the ch=/ch/
sound. Then have the children say ch, ch,
ch,…several times. Ask them again what two
letters become best friends and when they go places together what
sounds do they make.
- I will write words on the
board that have /ch/ in them. Some words
might be “chuck,” “chicken,” “choo choo,” etc. I
will read the words to the students. I
will have them read with me. I will let
the children who have been sitting quietly and participating come up to
the board and circle the /ch/ sound. Then
each time a child circles the ch, we have to say /ch/.
- Next, I will write the
tongue twister above on the board. We will
say it 3 or 4 times so that the children get the feel of how to say the
- Next, I will perform the
letterbox lesson above. I will do this on
the over head projector. BEFORE DOING
THIS, I will send each child back to their desk to get out their lesson
box material. It is easier to have
everyone back at their desk to perform it on the projector.
- For the reading purpose
of this s lesson, I will pass out copies of the book Chicka Chicka
Boom Boom by Bill Martin Jr. or The Little Engine that Could
by Mabel C. Bragg. Then we will read as a
class the book or books letting the children follow along. I will ask the children every time they see a ch
to say the sound with me.
- Then I will pass out the
worksheet as an assessment. Have the
studens do it with me as a class. If I see
that hey are struggling then we will go back to the start of the lesson
as soon as possible.
Chuga Chuga Choo Choo.
Worksheet for the Digraph /ch/
Directions: Have the students circle the /ch/ in each
word below with a red crayon.
- Choo, Choo
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