Title: Appetizing Apples
Rationale: In order for children to learn to
read, they must understand letters represent phonemes. Phonemes are
gestures that they hear. Children often
have the most trouble grasping the short vowel sounds and this can
lower reading achievement. Children’s reading develops as they begin to
understand phonemes. This lesson is designed to help children identify
short a sound in spoken words and recognize the letter representing it.
Picture of a baby crying
Worksheet with the
following pictures on it: nap, cat,
apple, fish, house, ant, circle, fat, ham, apricots,
book, alligator, bag, tree
Pat’s Jam, Carson, CA:
Educational Insights, 1990.
Primary paper (for every
Pencils (for every
- I will introduce the
lesson with a picture of a crying baby. Children what sound does a baby
make? We are going to establish that a crying baby sounds like the
short a sound. We are going to all act like crying babies for a minute
and then say several words with a=/a/ in them while acting like we are
crying. We are going to cry out (cat,
pal, nap). Children, who knows another word we could cry out
with the short a sound.
- Children, there are
many words that have the short a sound in them. I am going to read out
several of words and I want all of you to act like a crying baby when
you hear this sound. I am going to say the words damp, cold, clan, flag, stop and lamp.
- Next I am going to
read you a very tricky sentence. This is called a tongue twister. Who
knows what a tongue twister is? Well, I am going to read you this one
and I want you to act like a crying baby again when you hear words with
that special /a/ sound. I am going to let them do it on their own and I
am going to watch the children to see if they comprehend the sounds.
Now we are all going to say it together. “Ashley
gave alligators appetizing apples”. We are going to read this sentence
several times stretching out the /a/ sound. “Aaaashley gave
aaaaaligators aaaapetizing aaaaples.”
- Children, we are now
going to practice writing that special /a/ letter. I am going to give
you all a piece of paper and a pencil. I want you to practice writing
this letter. You write this letter by
going around, down, up, down monkey tail. I will demonstrate this for
you while we all sing the song. “round, down, up, down, monkey tail”. I
want to see yall write this letter 5 times while I walk around and look
at your amazing a’s.
- Next, read Pat’s Jam. Read slowly and
enunciate the /a/ sound while reading. Have the children cry like a
baby when they hear that special sound. Watch carefully for
comprehension of the sound.
- Finally, to assess
the children, give them a worksheet with pictures on it. Have a picture
of a crying baby under all of the pictures. Have the children circle
the crying baby if the word has the /a/ sound in it. Some pictures to
use are crab, mouse, flag, hand, bat, foot/feet, tree, and cat.
click here to return to explorations
Pat’s Jam, Carson,
CA: Educational Insights,
“Cry Baby”. Emergent Literacy Design: Cendy Burbic.