Summary--It's as Easy as 1, 2, 3!

 

Reading to Learn

Megan Zickos

Rational:  When students are reading they will soon be able to comprehend.  Comprehension happens when students are able to understand what they are reading.  There are several reading strategies that can be used to help students better understand the text.  One of the major strategies used in reading is summarizations.  When students can summarize, they are able to pick out key phrases of facts that are important to the test.  These facts can be gathered together so that the students can have a basic generalization of what the text is about.  Through the activities discussed in this lesson, students will be able to practice their comprehension of different text by reading and summarizing.  The students will be able to see the benefits of using summarizing while reading, and this will lead to a more competent and comprehensive reader.

Materials: 

            Paper

            Pencils

            Highlighter

            Projector Screen

            Article: "A Bear of a Job" by: Peter Winkler

            Copies of the article: "Living it Up in Space" by: Nancy Finton

            Poster with Rules of Summarizing

Take out unnecessary information.

 Find the information that is important.

Write a topic sentence.

            Sheet with rules to pass out to each student.

Checklist for each student:

Can the Students

YES

NO

Take out unnecessary information from the article.

 

 

Find the important information in the article.

 

 

Write a topic sentence.

 

 

 

Procedure:

            The teacher will explain to the students the importance of summarization.  "Students we are going to learn about summarization today.  You will be able to read an article and better understand it by using summarization.  Summarization means that as you read you are picking out certain facts in the reading that are important.  You are also able mark out the information that is not important to the text."  Then the teacher will show the class her poster of rules.  She will explain the rules to the class.  "First class, you will want to as you are reading mark out any information that is not important to the text.  Then you want to go and either highlight or underline words of phrases in the text that are of importance.  Then after you are done reading, you will want to write out a topic sentence about the text you just read."

            Next the teacher will summarize with the students.  "Students, now we are going to practice summarizing as a class before you do it on your own to give you practice."  Show the class the article "A Bear Of a Job."  "Students I want you to read through this article silently and when you are done we will go through it together and work on summarizing."  Give students some time to read through the article and then help them summarize.  Put the article on the overhead and go through the article highlighting and taking away unnecessary information.  Show them how to break down the article by using the rules provided on the poster.

               Now pass out the article "Living it Up in Space".  "Now that we have had some practice with summarizing I am going to let you summarize on your own.  The article is called "Living it Up in Space".  While you are reading it I want you to use your highlighter to mark what you think is important.  You can also use your pencils to mark out what you think is not important.  Make sure you follow your rules and give me a good topic sentence after you have finished your reading.  I will be coming around to make sure that you understand how to summarize."

            Next give the students ample time to read the whole article and summarize.  Go around to each student and make sure that you can answer any questions that the students may have or instruct them if they are not following the rules of summarization.

Assessment:  For the assessment part of this lesson, the teacher will go around and observe the students as they read and summarize the article.  The following checklist will be used to make sure the students fully understand how to summarize.

Can the Students

YES

NO

Take out unnecessary information from the article.

 

 

Find the important information in the article.

 

 

Write a topic sentence.

 

 

 

References: 

Winkler, Peter. A Bear Of a Job. National Geographic Explorer. November 12, 2007. http://magma.nationalgeographic.com/ngexplorer/0111/articles/aboaj_0111.html

Finton, Nancy. Living it Up in Space. National Geographic Explorer. November 12, 2007. http://magma.nationalgeographic.com/ngexplorer/0110/articles/iss_0110.html

Pressley, M. Johnson, CJ Symons, McGoldrick, JA.  (1989)  Strategies that Improve Children's Memory and Comprehension of Text.  "The Elementary School Journal." 90, 3-32.


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