Summarize to Find
Reading to Learn
Rationale: Comprehension strategies
techniques that children use while they are reading to help them make
text. These actions can be thought of as
thinking strategies or "ways of thinking" that help children understand
remember important parts of a story. One comprehension strategy that helps
students think about what they have read is summarization.
Summarization involves pulling out important
information from the text.
of practice page Homes of Early Settlers
notes, highlighters, paper and pencil for each student
projector, marker and overhead transparency with reading passage
of Cave Treasure for each student
- For the past few weeks we have been
talking about things that good readers can do to help them understand
and comprehend what they read. Today we are going to learn about
summarizing or how to summarize what we read. Summarizing
is another comprehension strategy. When we
summarize, we want to include the main ideas or things we feel are very
important about the story we are reading.
- There are different ways we can
summarize. When I read at night, I like to
take my highlighter and highlight the things I want to remember. Other times when I read, I might jot down
little notes about things I feel are important. Can
you think of a time when you tried to summarize an event that happened
or a story you read? When studying for a
test, have you ever written little notes or highlighted words or
phrases you felt were important to know?
- Now I want you take out your practice
page entitled Homes of Early Settlers.
This is a story we read yesterday. Letâs
look at the first paragraph. I am going to
read each sentence using the overhead, and I want each of you to follow
along using your practice page.
- The first sentence reads, "The voyage
across the Atlantic from England
to the New World was difficult and
dangerous". Do you think this sentence is
important? Why or why not? What is the title of our story?
Response: Home of the Early
Settlers. Does the first sentence tell us
anything about the home of the early settler? Response: No. Since we are
looking for information about the home of early settlers, the first
sentence is not important. Letâs cross out
the first sentence with our pencil.
- (The teacher will work through the
first paragraph with the students while asking if each sentence is
giving important information about the story). Now
let's go back and look at each sentence that we have highlighted and
summarize the first paragraph in our own words. I
am going to write a sentence on the overhead that will summarize the
first paragraph. Here is my first
sentence·After the forest was cleared, early settlers built there home
with stones and logs on a hill so it would stay dry.
- Remember that I told you there were
different ways to summarize what you read. Let's
look at the same paragraph again using our summarizing poster. Take your sticky notes and write down the
words that you see on my summarizing poster.
Somebody÷who was the story talking about? Response:
Wanted÷what did the settlers want to do?
Response: Build their homes.
But÷what did they have to do before they built their homes? Response:
They had to clear the forest and find high ground.
D. So÷so they could do what? Response:
So their homes could stay dry.
we come up with the same summary even though we used different techniques to summarize the same
paragraph? Response: Yes.
- Now I want you to take our story Cave Treasure and read silently with your
partner. After you and your
partner have finished reading the story, I want you to summarize the
story in your own words. You can use the
highlight method, the summary chart or both. The most important thing
about summarizing is that you can pull out important information or the
main ideas in the story and rewrite or retell it in your words. Our story Cave Treasure has
eight paragraphs. Working together, you
and your partner should have eight sentences, one for each paragraph,
if you are using the highlighted method. If
using the summary poster, you should have eight sticky notes. Some of you might want to use the highlighted
method for the first four paragraphs and the sticky notes for the last
four paragraphs. Choose whatever method is
best for you. Remember, the most important
thing is that our summaries are accurate.
- Once everyone has finished the story
and the summarization, I will go around to each student and their
partner, and assess comprehension based on what they have written in
their own words or can tell me in their own words about the story Cave Treasures.
Armbruster, Bonnie and
(2001). Put Reading
Building Blocks for Teaching Children to Read.
C. Ralph Adler, RMC Research Corporation.
ARMT Grade 3 Reading Passage:
the Early Settlers (2005). Alabama State Department of Education.
Dona R. Cave Treaure. Addison-Wesley Educational
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