Summarize through Visualization
Leah B. Smith
order for students to become successful readers, it is imperative that
develop comprehension strategies and construct meaning from the text
are reading. One of the most effective
comprehension strategies available for students to use is visualization. Visualization is a strategy that involves
the reader constructing images inside their mind based on the text they
reading. When readers visualize a text,
they are able to devise a mental construct of the text, and thus make
memorable and easy to understand. In
this lesson, students will learn to use visualization strategies to aid
their comprehension of the text. They
will practice constructing these visualizations while reading, and then
convey what they have learned through illustrations (their
explanations of the text.
-Colored pencils, Crayons, and Markers
-Tuck Everlasting by Natalie Babbitt (individual
copies for each student)
-Checklist for assessment
Could the student answer
the following questions?
What did the fountain of youth
How did Winnie meet the Tucks?
What was special about the
of the poem Food Fight by Kenn Nesbitt
-Copy of the poem I'm Staying Home
from school today by Kenn
Nesbitt (individual copies for each student)
-Dry erase board (for teacher use)
-Dry erase markers (for teacher use)
begin this lesson today by explaining to my students the importance of
comprehension in reading.
Today, we are going to be working
something that is a very important part of becoming a skillful read...
comprehension! Does anyone remember what
comprehension means? Right, it means being
able to understand and make sense of what you have read, but sometimes
this is really hard to do, especially if there are no pictures or clues
to help us better understand the text. But,
that's ok because there are comprehension strategies that we can use to
help us better understand our text.
to the students the concept of visualization. One of the most useful comprehension
we can use is the process of visualization. Visualization
is being able to construct pictures in your head about what your
reading, even when there are no actual illustrations in your book. Why
don't we give it a try?
3. Model the concept of visualization to
the students. I'm going to read
the poem Food Fight by Ken Nesbitt, and while I read, I am going to try
to create images in my head that help me better understand the story. Read poem to students.
Ok, as I read, I pictured a very messy
lunchroom with all the teachers and students standing up in the middle
of all that mess. There was food
everywhere! It was on the wall, the floor,
the tables, and even on people! Now, I'm
actually going to draw this picture on the board so you can see what I
was visualizing in my head as I read this poem. Draw
on board that depicts the scene that I described. Is this similar to what everyone else
pictured in their
minds? Ok... Great!
Now, I'm going to let you give it a try!
4. Give each student a copy
of the poem I'm
Staying Home from School Today by Kenn Nesbitt.
Let's read this poem together, and while we read it, I
want you to try and visualize in your mind the events that are taking
place. Read poem aloud as
a class. Now pretend that
you have to draw a picture
of what you visualized in your head. Does
someone want to raise their hand and tell me what their illustration or
visualization would look like? Allow
several students to share their visualizations with the class. You are doing a great job using your
visualization strategy to help you comprehend what you are reading, and
because you are doing such a good job, I think it is time that you put
your visualization strategy to use as you read the first chapter of Tuck Everlasting by Natalie
out books to students and give book talk. Once
upon a time, there was a young girl named Winnie who was very, very
curious. One day, she wandered out of her
yard and into the woods behind her house where she came upon a certain
family- The Tuck's. The Tucks were very
special people because they drank from the fountain of youth and were
guaranteed to live forever! But... to
Winnie's surprise, she was KIDNAPPED by these kind people! I wonder what will happen to her?
Will she drink from the fountain of youth, too?
Looks like you'll have to read to find out!
Now, I want you to read Chapter one of the book silently to
yourselves, and while you are reading, use your visualization strategy
to help you comprehend what you have read. When
you finish reading that chapter, take out your drawing paper and make
an illustration of what you visualized in your head.
You may use your colored pencils and crayons to add detail
to your illustration. After you complete
your drawing, write a short statement describing what you have
illustrated and how it represents the text you were visualizing.
I will assess my students using the
statements they constructed concerning the text that they read. In addition, the comprehension
checklist will be used for assessment.
It, Picture It! by Amy Lewis
Everlasting. Sunburst, 1975.
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