foundation of reading and writing requires that children learn that
symbols for phonemes. Children must learn how to recognize phonemes
spoken word, before they can match letters to phonemes. Simple
one of the necessary foundations for learning spoken words. However,
diagraphs are challenging to learn because two letters make one sound.
lesson will help children learn to recognize the simple diagraph /ch/
words by learning the meaningful representation and the letter symbol
sound. The students will also have practice finding the simple diagraph
Primary paper and pencil; chart with
checks his chess set for a check mate." drawing paper and crayons; Chip the Chimp; cards with memory game
words on them (cheek and week, champ and damp, chalk and walk, choose
loose). Elkonin letter boxes. Letters: c, h, a, l, k, o, p, m, u, n, s,
1. Sometimes letters like to be disguised as
friends and when two letter pairs are together they make a different
This sound can trick you because it is not the sound you are listening
The letters c and h work together as letter friends.
When c and h are
together, they make a disguising noise, /ch/. Today, we will learn that
and learn how to find c and h together making the noise /ch/.
learn the noise, we will be able to identify /ch/ words without being
Have you ever heard the noise of a train? It makes the "choo choo"
is the noise we will make today as we learn about our letter friends c and h. Let's pretend we are trying to
warn people that our train is coming. We
need to make the "choo choo noise." Let's make this noise together as
the horn with our arm. Will you help me? Say /ch/oo /ch/oo while
horn. Help me warn the cars of the train! /Ch/.
Fantastic. Let's try a tongue twister practicing our new quiet noise.
chart). "Charlie check his chess set for a check mate." Those letter
are tricky! Let's say it three times together. Wow! Those letter
tough, but I know we can do it! Great job! Now say it again with me and
time let's really stretch out the /ch/ at the beginning of each word.
Fantastic! This time, let's break of the /ch/ sound on each word:
/ch/ecks his /ch/ess set for a /ch/eck mate."
Using letterboxes, the instructor can model how to use the letterboxes
the word properly, explaining that the /ch/ sound, since they are
like to share, they share one box together. Teacher can model with the
work "chalk." Each child, using their own set of letterboxes, will be
able to participate
with the teacher through the modeling. The teacher will exaggerate the
of the word chalk and show the students how they will spell it. After
teacher models, the students will then have the opportunity to spell
on their own. (chop, chomp, lunch, stench, check)
(Have students take out primary paper and pencils). Let's remember
make the quiet sound we use two letters as friends. What two letters
That's right, c and h. Those two letters become letter
friends and disguise
themselves and make the /ch/ noise. Let's try writing /ch/. First draw
We draw c by starting like a
little a. Go up and touch the
around and up. We've made a c!
The /ch/ sound needs a friend, remember? What
friend does it need? That's right, the h. Now, let's put our h right next
to our c. Let us start at the
rooftop, come down to the sidewalk, and make a
hump just below the fence! Now together, we have made our letter
After I have given you a stamp with my /ch/eck mark, I want you to make
letter friends together! Now, you know every time you see the letters c and h disguised together, you know
they make loud "choo choo" noise.
Let me show you how to find the /ch/ in the word lunch. I'm going to
out the word in lunch slow motion and I want you to listen for the
noise. When you hear it, I want you to tug on your horn. Ready?
Did you hear it?
Call on students to answer and tell how they know they hear the train
you hear /ch/ in chomp or stomp? Snack or Lunch? Check or desk? Brush
Cheese or dish? Great! Now, let's see if you can spot the "choo choo"
these words! Get ready to sound the alarm with your train horn. Ready?
checks his chess set for a check mate.
Read story the story, Chip the Chimp. This story is about a chimp named
As we read this story, let's see if we can hear our "choo choo" noise.
Afterwards, we can go back and see if we were right! Then have student
Chip the Chimp and write a sentence describing the silly monkey.
the students play a rhyming matching game. When a pair is found, have
which word has the /ch/ sound. Using words: cheek and week, champ and
chalk and walk, Choose and loose.
of Emergent Literacy Design: Sound
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to download decodable text Chip the Chimp.
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