Appetizing Apples

Ashley Nungesser
Emergent Literacy





Rationale:
Since the /a/ sound is a very common sound in the English language, students need to learn this sound in the early stages of reading.  This lesson will help the children identify the /a/(short a) sound.  They will learn to recognize the /a/ sound in spoken language and be able to print the letter.

Materials:
Primary paper and pencil, an apple stamp, apple and orange cut outs (one for each students), Pat's Jam(Phonics Readers- Short vowels. Educational Insights. 1990), picture page

Procedures:
1) Introduce the lesson by explaining to the children that the letter a makes the /a/ sound.  This is the sound you make when you go to the doctor's office and stick out your tongue.  Can everyone make the sound with me?

2) Next have the students practice saying several words with you, making sure to break apart the /a/ sound.  Children can you say a-pples, A-dam, c-a-b, sn-a-ck.

3) Now we are going to sing a song to the tune of "Skip to my Lou."  I'm going to ask you to sing along with me and on the second verse I'm going to point to someone and you have to sing me a word that has the /a/ sound in it.  We will practice one verse and then the second verse you will start naming things with the /a/ sound.
Words:
Who has a word that has an /a/?
Has, has, has an /a/?
Who has a word that has an /a/?
Skip to my Lou, my darling!

Apple is a word that has an /a/.
Has, has, has an /a/.
Apple is a word that has an /a/.
Skip to my Lou, my darling!

4) (Have students take out pencil and primary paper).  Now we are going to review making the letter A to make sure everyone understands.  Start below the fence (middle line) and make a little c.  Then draw a straight line from the fence to the sidewalk to close the c.  I'm going to stamp your work with an apple when you're done and then I want you to practice making A's until I've checked everyone's.

5) (Pass out one apple and one orange to each student)  Now I'm going to say some words and I want you to hold up your apple if you hear the /a/ sound in the word and hold up the orange if the /a/ sound is not in the word.  Ready: cat, dog, apple, cherry, dad, mom, cash, money, snack, dinner

6) Read Pat's Jam and have the students discuss the story.  Then have them write a story about their favorite food.

7) For assessment, I will distribute a picture page and help the students name each picture.  Then I will have the student's circle the pictures that contain the /a/ sound.

Reference:
Eldredge, Lloyd, J.  Teaching Decoding in Holistic Classrooms.  Prentice Hall.  1995.  pp. 50-70.

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