Rationale: Learning to read silently is an important step to learning to be a fluent reader. This skill is not always automatically picked up and used by children. It is an important strategy that children must learn. Children must be able to extract meaning from the text that they read and must be able to do this in an almost effortless manner. Learning to do this helps children obtain the desire to read on their own. Silent reading is a necessary component in this process. This lesson helps children grasp how to read silently and provides practice in this area.
Materials: Different level books, chalk, chalkboard and paper.
Procedure: 1. Explain to the students what silent reading is and why it is important. "Have you ever been to the library and saw the ‘Please Be Quiet’ sign? Do you ever wonder how all the people are reading without making a sound? This is called silent reading. Silent reading is when you read a book to yourself without making a sound and eventually without even moving your lips! Today we are going to practice reading silently. Silent reading is very important and something that we all need to learn how to do in order to become better readers."
2. Explain cross checking with the students and why it is so important when you are silently reading. " Sometimes when you are reading out loud, you may misread a word and someone might hear you and correct you. Well, when you are silently reading, there is no one there to correct you so you have to cross check yourself. Cross checking is when you read a sentence and it doesn’t make sense so you go back and reread the sentence to see what word you might have missed." Model crosschecking for the students. Write the sentence I love peanut butter and jelly sandwiches on the chalkboard. " I am going to read this sentence aloud. I love peanut butter and juice sandwiches. Now, that sentence didn’t make sense to me. Did it make sense to you? I am going to go back and reread the sentence to see if I misread a word. I love peanut butter and juice, no jelly sandwiches. I love peanut butter and jelly sandwiches. That makes a lot more sense to me. Does it to you? Crosschecking is very important because if what we read does not make sense to us, we will not understand the book that we are reading. It is important to remember to cross check if you come across a sentence that doesn’t make too much sense."
3. Have students pick a book to read for silent reading. "Today you are going to get to chose your own book to read for silent reading. You can choose whatever book you would like to read but you have to remember the rules when choosing a book. Remember to pick a book that is on the same level that you are on (most books have color dots in the corner for students to coordinate their level with). Also remember to make sure you really want to read the book and that you are not just interested in the pictures in the book. When you chose your book, raise your hand and I will come by to hear you read the first page of it. After everyone has chosen his or her book, we will learn how to read silently."
4. Explain to the students how to silent read and model it for them. "Silent reading is not hard to learn how to do and can be learned easily with a little practice. To begin to learn how to silent read, start off by whispering as your read. Watch me as I read this page in this book." Read a page in a book and whisper as you read for the students. "Now you try it. Whisper read the first page of your book. Great! After you have learned how to whisper read, you read even quieter. You do this by only moving your lips while you read. You should not be making any sound when you do this. Watch me as I read this page." Read the next page by only moving your lips as you read and not making any sound. " Now I want you to try it. Remember not to let any sound come out of your mouth. You should only be moving your lips. Good job! Next is silent reading. To do this, you read without making any sound or moving your lips. I want you to watch as I silent read this page in my book." Read the third page of the book silently without moving your lips or making any sound. " Did you notice how I didn’t move my lips or make any sounds at all? Now I want you to try it." Allow students to silent read for a short time period (approximately fifteen minutes). "Remember to cross check as your read silently so that you will understand what you read."
5. For assessment, have the students write a brief summary of what they read and share it with your or the class. This will help you know if the students comprehend what they are silently reading.
Reference: Eldredge, J. Lloyd. (1995). Teaching
Decoding in Holistic Classrooms. New Jersey. Prentice Hall,
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