Learn how to Wiggle!

Beginning to Read by Carolyn Klamon

Rationale: This lesson will help children identify /w/, the phoneme represented by W. Students will learn to recognize /w/ in spoken words by learning a meaningful representation "walking" or "wiggling" while looking for the letter symbol W. Students will also practice finding /w/ in words and apply what they have learned by reading and distinguishing the letter from rhyming words and beginning letters when they are in list form in a phonetic cue reading task?.


Materials: Primary paper and pencil; Chart with "Where Would Wendy Want to Wait?"; Mrs. Wishy Washy book; Word cards with Witch, Wake, Water, Why, What, and Wonder; Assessment worksheet http://www.kidzone.ws/kindergarten/w-begins1.htm; Paper and crayons  



1. Say the /w/ sound. Explain how our mouth moves when we say they /w/ sound in a word. Your lips make a circle like the letter O while you breathe out. Look how I say the word wonderful. Have them practice forming their lips and saying the sound. Today we are going to work on how the mouth moves when we say /w/. We will spell with the letter W and be able to recognize it in words with /w/ while we read.


2. Let’s pretend to walk or wiggle. We will wiggle with our whole body. When we say the words wiggle or walk notice where your lips are. They come together to almost form an O with you lips like you are about to whistle. I will say a couple of words like Wednesday and weekend and model an appropriate wiggle for them.


3. Let’s try a tongue twister. Every time you hear the /w/ sound I want you to wiggle or walk in place. "Where Would Wendy Want to Wait?" say it with emphasis on each sound especially the W.


4. Now we are going to practice writing the letter W. Let’s get out our paper and pencil. We use the letter W to spell /w/. W looks like and upside down M. Let’s write the lowercase w. Start at the fence and make a line that goes down to the sidewalk then back up to the fence then we will draw it again starting at the fence without picking up your pencil. I want to see everybody’s w. After I put a smile on yours, I want you to write it eight more times. Then we will work on our uppercase W.


5. Now I am going to say a couple of words. I want you to tell me which word you hear /w/ in. If you need to wiggle or walk in place to help you, that is okay too.


Went or Go?

Cake or Wait?

Walk or Step?

Clock or Watch?

Where or There?


6. Now let’s read the book Mrs. Wishy Washy by Joy Cowley. This book is about a lady’s three friends who get a little muddy and have to be washed, but we will have to read to find out what happens. While we are reading I want you to wiggle your fingers every time you hear the /w/ sound.


7. Now I am going to show some cards with words on them. Model a card for them by reading them words out loud and really focusing on the sounds I hear. We are trying to decide which word starts with a W. I am here to help them read the words. Keep records while they are doing each activity.


Witch or Itch?

Make or Wake?

Water or Daughter?

My or Why?

What or Cut?

Thunder or Wonder?


8. For assessment, pass out the worksheets and have them complete them. Read the directions together and assist anyone who needs guidance. If they finish the worksheet early they can draw a picture an animal or insect that starts with a W.



Adams, Marilyn-Jager. Beginning To Read: Thinking and Learning about Print. 1990.

Kidzone Worksheet: http://www.kidzone.ws/kindergarten/w-begins1.htm

Murray, Bruce. The Reading Genie. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie

Mrs. Wishy Washy by Joy Cowley, Copyright 1998 by Wright Group.

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