Miss Piggie the Pig!
Rationale: In order for children to learn how to read, it is crucial that they be able to identify letters and the sounds that they make. The letter- sound correspondence will be the basis of reading and so that is why it is so important for teachers to go over and specifically teach each letter of the alphabet. The students should learn the letter or the grapheme along with the sound or the phoneme. For this lesson, I will be teaching the letter p. We will go over the sound that the letter p makes as well as what the lower and upper case letters look like so that the children can identify the p in reading and know what sound corresponds to it. My goal for today is to make sure that each student can write the upper and lower case forms of the letter p as well as know the phoneme that corresponds to it. I want them to be able to identify p in written form as well as be able to identify objects that begin with the letter p. Each letter is crucial to the success of a child's reading, so it is important for students to learn this letter and accomplish this goal to move forward.
A large picture of Miss Piggie the Pig (if a puppet or stuffed animal pig can be found that would be even better)
A board for the teacher to demonstrate on
Blank drawing paper
A sheet with different objects on it, some that begin with /p/ and some that do not.
Example: a pig, a desk, a pumpkin, a cookie, a porcupine, paint, a peacock, a prince, ice cream, etc.
If You Give a Pig a Pancake
1. Explain why:
-I would say to the students, "We have been learning different letters of the alphabet and the sounds they make. Today we will continue that and learn a new letter. Does anyone know why it is important to learn all the letters and the sounds they make?" If they do not provide it. I will lead them to - "because it helps us to learn to read, or because it will make us better readers."
2. Explain how:
-To begin the lesson of the letter p I will explain to the students how we will move through the lesson.
"Today I am going to introduce you to my friends Miss Piggie the Pig. Miss Piggie is going to help us learn more about the letter p. Does anyone know what sound it makes? /p/ ppppp. That is the sound popcorn makes when it is popping in our microwaves, do you know what that sounds like? Pppppp. Put your lips together and try to push through with the pppp sound. Let's all say it. I have a sentence that we will all learn that has a lot of pppp sounds in it. It's called a tongue twister, So I want you to listen to my sentence first, and then we will all repeat it together. Miss Piggie the Pig puts her pumpkin pancakes on her purple, plastic plate." Then the students and I would all go through the sentence several times.
4. Simple practice:
We will learn how to write the letter p, both capital and lower case.
"Now get out your writing paper and your pencil. We will learn how to write the letter p, starting with the lower case. Start at the fence, go straight down past the dirt, then go back up that straight line and near the top of your line go out and touch the fence and make a little half circle, going back down to the dirt and connecting the straight line and half circle.
I will be modeling this on the board, so students can follow along with what I have done.
I will then ask the students to write the letter p out ten times. While they are doing this. I will walk around and make sure everyone knows what it should look like.
"Great job, now let's learn how to make an upper case P. Ok, we will start at the sky and draw a straight line to the dirt. Now draw a half circle down to the fence and connect it with the straight line."
Once again I will be modeling and then asking the students to write P ten times and I will be checking their work as they go.
"Now that you understand what the letter p looks like, I want you to draw me something that starts with the ppppp sound. So get out your blank paper and your pencil and try to think of something that starts with pppppp. If you can't think of something you can try to draw Miss Piggie or her pumpkin pancakes, but try to think of something else."
5. Whole texts:
Since the children are really just learning their letters, it would be hard for them to read very much. So I will just write a few short, but connected sentences up on the board that include the p sound. We will read these together as a class. We will also read the p page from an alphabet book and make the book connection.
At this point I will read to them ,If You Give a Pig a Cookie.
I will provide a sheet of paper that has ten pictures on it. Some of the pictures will be things that start with the p sound, and some will not. Since these children are very young I will ask them to look over the sheet and anything they see that they believe starts with the p sound to color, but leave the others blank. If you have colored pictures, you can just ask for them to circle them, not color them.
I will also ask the students to write me a sentence with one word that has the p sound in it. In this way the students will be using invented spelling, thinking of words with that sound and practicing writing.
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