Chunky Chocolate Chips!
A Beginning Reading Lesson
Rationale: As students learn to read and write, it becomes important that they learn to blend different letters to make sounds. When a phoneme consists of two letters, it is called a digraph. One digraph that is very common is /ch/. This lesson teaches children all about the digraph /ch/ by reading, spelling, and a game. After this lesson, the students should begin to feel comfortable recognizing and reading the /ch/ digraph.
Materials: primary paper, pencil, the letters 'c' and 'h' written on a large sheet of paper, Chicka Chicka Boom Boom by Bill Martin Jr. and John Archambault, /ch/ coloring worksheet, letterboxes for each child, letter manipulatives (c,h,i,p,w,a,t,u,m), letterbox for the teacher on the smart board, "Charlie ate chunky chocolate chips for lunch" written on the board, unsweetened chocolate, cocoa butter, sugar, a bag of chocolate chips, copies of decodeable text called Missing Chime
1. Say: We all want to grow up and become excellent readers right? Well sometimes letters get tricky, and two letters together can make a different sound! Today, we are going to talk about the sound that the letter 'C' and 'H' make together! Whenever you see 'c' and 'h' together, they make the /ch/ sound! Everyone say /ch/ with me... "CH". (get out the ingredients) Here, I have chocolate, cocoa better, and sugar. If I were to mix these ingredients together what would I make? (Show the students the bag of chocolate chips). Would mixing all the ingredients together make a completely new treat? Yes, we would make chocolate chips! When we mix the ingredients together we make something new… Chocolate chips! So, it's not just unsweetened chocolate, cocoa butter and sugar anymore. Mixing the ingredients together makes a new treat. Just like mixing the sounds /c/ and / h/.
2. Say: Before we learn about the spelling of /ch/, we need to listen for it in some words. When I say the /ch/ sound, I say it using my teeth! I'll show you first: Chalk. See how I make the /ch/ sound putting my teeth together? Now you try! Say "chalk". Does everyone see how we put our teeth together? Let's look at the sentence I have written on the board. This sentence has the /ch/ sound a lot in it! It says "Charlie ate chunky chocolate chips for lunch". Can you all hear the /ch/ sound? Lets say it together, stretching out the /ch/ sound together! Ccchhharrrlie ate chhuunky chhhhocolate cchhhips for lunccch! Now im going to say some other words. If you hear the /ch/ sound, raise your hand! Chimp, watch, late, pitch, chore, day.
3. Say: What if I want to spell a word that has the /ch/ sound in it? (Show the students the pieces of paper with the 'C' and 'H' written on it). You would write the 'c' first and the 'h' second. Lets spell the word chip. We are going to use letterboxes to help us spell, so everyone get their letterboxes out! To spell chip in letterboxes, first I need to know how many phonemes I have in the word! Lets say it out loud and count it out. Ch/i/p. /Ch/ makes ONE sound, so we only need one box! We need 3 letterboxes. Let's fill in the letterboxes together, what do we hear first? /Ch/, so /ch/ goes in the first box. What do we hear at the end? /p/, so p goes in the last box. What's left? /i/, so i goes in the middle box! When we read from left to write, we read the word chip!
4. Say: You all did so well on writing 'chip', I think you're ready to try a word by yourself! What do you think? What if I wanted to spell the word 'chunk'. How many letter boxes would I need? (talk with the class to make a decision) That's right, four! Show me on your own how I would write chunk in my four letterboxes. What would I put in the first letterbox? What about the last? (walk around and see what students need help). When you are finished, try these words: chimp, watch, and chat. Make sure you count how many letterboxes you need before you try and spell the word!
5. Say: You guys have done an excellent job in learning about the sound /ch/. Now, we are going to read a book called Chicka Chicka Boom Boom. Hmmm, what is special about the title of this sentence? (Wait until most students have raised their hands). Right! The first two words begin with the /ch/ sound! This story is about the letter A telling B and B telling C to meet at the top of the coconut tree. The letters, in alphabetical order, begin to climb the tree. They are having a wonderful time, but as more and more letters climb up the coconut tree, the tree begins to bend over more and more until "Chicka chicka. . . BOOM! BOOM!," the letters all fall off!!! What do you think they are going to do? Let's read and find out. Each time that you hear the /ch/ sound I want you to put your hand on your head. I'll be looking to see who is listening and paying attention!
6. Say: I loved the way that you all put your hands on your head when you heard me make the /ch/ sound. Now that you all have heard me reading, I want to see if you can read the /ch/ sound on your own! You are going to read a story called Missing Chime. In this story, a little boy is always caught admiring a wind chime in a store. One day, the wind chime goes missing and the little boy is blamed. What do you think is going to happen? I want you to read on your own to find out, and I am going to come up to each of you individually to hear how you're doing!
Assesment: Say: Before we finish our lesson on the /ch/ sound, I want to see if you can read and find /ch/ in a word all by yourself! On this worksheet, you need to color all of the words that have the /ch/ sound in them. Make sure you are looking for the letter 'c' and the letter 'h' next to each other! You each are going to get a chocolate chip as a treat for working so hard, and to remind you that even though we started out with ingredients, they made something different... just like the letter 'c' and the letter 'h' do! (Collect worksheets to evaluate all of the students' understanding)
- Lindsey Goodwyn, Charlie the Chimp http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/journeys/goodwynbr.htm
- Aimee Gourdouze, Chooo! Chooo! Heres Comes the Train http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/illum/gourdouzebr.html
- Carol Brooke, Chocolate Chip Digraphs http://www.trcabc.com/resources/chocolate-chip-digraphs-ch-sh-th-word-game/
-/Ch/ worksheet http://www.superteacherworksheets.com/phonics/ch-word-color.pdf
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