The Pigs Picnic

Emergent Literacy

By Leah Clark


This lesson will help children identify /P/, the phoneme represented by P.  Students will learn to recognize /P/ in spoken words by learning a meaningful representation such as packing for events and the letter symbol P, practice finding /P/ in words, and apply phoneme awareness with /P/ in phonetic cue reading by distinguishing rhyming words from beginning letters.


Poster board with the a big upper and lower case p on it. The tongue twister, “Paul pays Patty a penny for the pumpkin pie” on chart paper. Chart paper. Marker. Picture cards (horse, pig, pencil, crayon, pen, marker, pumpkin, squash, paper, chalkboard). The Pigs Picnic puffin books 1988.A assessment that observes the students emergent literacy abilities. Primary paper.


1.Say: Today we're going to work on spotting the mouth move /P/. We spell /P/ with letter P.  I will explain what we will be working on today: Class, today we are going to learn about the letter in the alphabet that is in between o and q. I want us to learn how to write the letter p and recognize the sound that it makes.

 2. In order to active their knowledge of the letter p. I am going to hold up a poster board with a big upper and lower case p. This way everyone can see it. I will then ask the class, What letter is this? That is right!! This is the letter p. Does anyone know the sound that the letter p makes? The /p/ sound is right. The /p/ sound can be heard in word like: paper, pig, and pencil. Boys and girls I am so proud of you. Let’s all pay close attention so that we can learn about the letter p.

 3. To introduce the letter p, we will start with a tongue twister that will be written on chart paper: Paul pays Patty a penny for the pumpkin pie. Class I want eyes on this chart. This silly sentence has a lot of words that start with the letter p. I will read this to you and I want you to repeat after me. Listen closely to how I’m putting a lot of emphasize on the p sound. I will say the tongue twister. Now I want you to say that and remember to hold out the p sound. They will say it. Great job!!! Let’s say that three more times together. Let’s begin. After we say the tongue twister as a class we will go over how our mouth moves as we say the letter p.

 4. Now that we know what sound the letter p makes we are now going to write it. Can everyone please get out a pencil while I bring you a piece of paper? I will pass out primary paper to each student. At the front of the room I will have a piece of chart paper so that I can model for them how to write the letter p. Class please look up here at me while I write the letter p. First I am going to write the upper case P. Go down and pick up and around the fence. After having them watch me I will allow them to write an upper case P. I now want you to practice writing upper case P five times. I will be walking around so raise your hand if you need help. I will walk around and watch them write if anyone has a problem I will help them. Class now we are going to write the lower case p. I am going to start at the fence go straight down to the ditch then come up and put his chin on the sidewalk.  Now I want you to practice writing a lower case p five times. I am here for help if you need it. I will walk around and help if needed.

 5. After we have finished writing the letter p, I am now going to go through some pictures to see if they can hear the /p/ sound in words. Boys and Girls, I am going to hold up two pictures. One picture will start with the letter p and the other will not. I want you to tell me what picture has the p sound in it. Ready? Eyes on the pictures. I will hold up one card with a pig and the other with a horse. What picture is this and then the class will say, Horse. Then I will hold up the picture of the pig. Class what is this a picture of? Class will say, A pig. Now what picture has the /p/ sound in it? Class will say, pig. I will have other pictures like this and I will go through them in the same way.

 6. I will now read the story, The Pig’s Pinic. Class when you hear the /p/ sound raise your hand. I will then read the story.

 7. First I will pass out some primary paper and get the students to write the letter p in upper and lower case. They write them each three times. Also another way to assess my class I will have a paper that will have objects on it. These objects will start with different letters, but they mostly will have objects that start with p. I will tell them to color only the pictures that start with p. I will pass out worksheet and explain directions. This worksheet will help me to assess them individually since we have been doing everything else as a class





Identify p



Participation in class recognition



















Patty the pretty pig by Sarah Auttry
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