Let's Sum It Up!

Reading to Learn

Kaylee Bess


Rational: It is very important for children to comprehend text as they read so they can eventually become expert readers. Visualization is a very important tool that readers can use for comprehension. If students are able to visualize what they are reading, then they will be able to understand what is happening in the story. Visualization can also help readers to become more excited and engaged in the book. This lesson will help students to visualize what they are reading by creating their own mental images. We will be practicing visualization today with different readings and strive to be better readers.



Bookmark for each student

          Pick out the topic sentence/main idea

          Pick out important facts

          Remove information that is not very useful or that does not back up the topic sentences

          Pick out repeated ideas and delete them

Copy of article for each child- Dental Damage






1.     Explain to the class we are going to be using summarization to help us comprehend an article. Summarizing is when we pick out the important facts of a story or article and put them together. We will remove any facts that aren't important to the main idea.

2.     I will pass out the bookmark to the class and read it to them. As I read through the bookmark, I will explain the steps in detail. Explain you should read the whole article through before you can pick out the topic sentence or main idea. After that you will find the supporting important facts.

3.     Before we can read the article we must look at some vocabulary we are going to be running into. If we do not understand the vocabulary, we are not going to be able to comprehend the article. Vocabulary to talk about: Plaque- the bacteria that sit on your teeth. Enamel- covers the outside of a tooth; only the part that sticks out known as the crown. Dentin- is the middle, hard and boney. Pulp- the inside of a tooth. Root- part of a tooth below the gumline. Cavity- caused when bacteria eats away at your tooth. Dentist- doctor that helps take care of your teeth. Fluoride- a chemical that hardens your tooth enamel.

4.     Now let's look at the article Dental Damage. Booktalk: Has anyone every had a cavity? I know I have, so let's read to see what actually happens when we have a cavity.

5.     Now let's read the article. Summarizing can be tough at first so let's get out our highlighters, so we can find the main idea. I am going to go through the first paragraph to get them started. First let's read the paragraph then we will highlight what we think is the main idea. So it is telling us about the bacteria that sit on our teeth after we eat something. The main idea is going to be "when you eat the bacteria is eating to then it sits on your teeth until you brush it away; it is called plaque." Now I will let the class work by themselves, but will walk around to check their progress and help if needed.

6.     I will partner them up and let them discuss what they think is the important information.

7.     Now the students will write a paragraph summary if what they have read. I will take this up for their assessment.




Assessment: I will take up their copy of the article and paragraph summary they wrote from the article. I will check to see if they have the main idea sentence, and have good supporting information for it.

          Check list:

1.     Have the students highlighted at least 8 times on their copy of the article?

2.     Does their paragraph include sentences from the article?

3.     Does their summary make sense after reading the article?



Pierce, Morgan. Flipping over Summarization. Spring 2010. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/realizations/piercel.htm

Dental Damage. http://portal.acs.org/portal/PublicWebSite/education/whatischemistry/scienceforkids/articles/CSTA_015151



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