T is for Turtle!


Emergent Literacy

                                                Kelly Adams                                                     

Rationale: It is crucial for students to be able to understand and recognize phonemes easily in order to become fluent readers. Understanding phonemes and their relation to graphemes is often difficult for beginning readers. In order for them to become successful at reading, they must understand these small units of sounds to then put them together and form whole words . This lesson will help students to successfully recognize and understand the letter t and the sound it makes while having fun doing it!

Materials: Primary paper, pencils, white board, dry erase markers, the book Franklin and the Stopwatch, and one copy of the Tiny Tim poem to put on the overhead.  


1.)  Today we will be learning about the letter t!

2.)  Can anyone come up to the board and write the letter t? Good job! This is a t. This is the correct way to write a p. Start at the fence, go straight down into the ditch, come up, and put his chin on the sidewalk.

3.)  Now that we have all seen how to write the letter t, I would like you all to practice writing the letter t on your primary paper. (Have students write the letter t ten times).

4.)  Has everyone finished writing? Good job! Everyone say the word ten with me. Ten begins with the letter t. (Emphasize the letter t and have students say it slowly with you…t, t, t, en).

5.)  The letter t also begins the word turtle. Everyone say turtle with me (say turtle a few times; t,t,t,t, turtle). Now say Tiny Tim the turtle.

6.)  We are going to read a poem about Tiny Tim the Turtle aloud together. When you hear the letter t, I want you to stretch it out. (I had a little ttttttturtle, his name is Tttttiny Tttttim. I put him in the bath tttttub to see if he could swim. He drank up all the water. He ate up all the soap. Now he is home and sick in bed with bubbles in his throat. I miss my little tttttturtle, whose name is Ttttttiny Ttttttim. I will call him on the tttttttelephone--I would like to visit him. Ttttttiny Ttttttim is better now. His ttttttummy doesn’t hurt. He will never eat the soap again. He says it doesn’t work.)

7.)  Now that students have become more familiar with the letter t and the sound it makes, ask them to determine which words begin with the letter t; (time or rhyme) (turn or burn) (tiny or shiny) (Tim or Jim)?

8.)  We will now read Franklin and the Stopwatch. (Give a short book talk). Franklin the turtle is going to the park to read. As Franklin leaves the library, his friends decide to time him with a stopwatch. Franklin stops to get ice cream. His friends continuing timing. Franklin doesn’t like being timed everywhere he goes. Will Franklin get them to stop timing him? We’ll have to read the rest to find out! As were reading, when we come across a word that begins with t, I want you all to stretch it out like we did earlier.  

9.)  To assess student’s knowledge, watch as they make the t sound during the activities where the letter is being emphasized. Also, take up student’s primary paper where they wrote the letter t.


“T” Letter Ideas. Early Childhood Mailring. Teachers.Net http://teachers.net/lessons/posts/1008.html      

The Reading Genie. Ali Long. “P Says Pigs Popsicles and Popcorn.” http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/invitations/longel.htm  

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