By: Stacy Lide
Reading comprehension is an extremely important skill for young readers
to acquire. Students need to learn that text passages have
meaning and develop skills to help them comprehend the text as they
read. This lesson will focus on summarization in order for the
student to become a more efficient and stronger reader. Students
will be taught the basic skills of summarization by reviewing key
points in the text and creating their own summarization by a story map.
Multiple copies of Play Ball, Amelia
Bedelia by Peggy Parish (enough for each student to have a copy
of their own to read)
Class board for easy viewing of the class web
Writing Utensils for board
1. Previously assign reading pages 1-20 in Peggy Parish's book
entitled Play Ball, Amelia Bedelia
one day before implementing this summarization lesson.
2. On the reading assignment due date, have students get their
copies of Play Ball, Amelia Bedelia
for further class discussion.
3. Begin by explaining to the class the meaning of the term summarization. "Summarization
is very important because it helps us remember the important parts of
what we read. When you take mental notes of the important part in
a story, you are pulling out what you think the main ideas of the story
are. Summarizing will help you learn to read faster and become a
4. Tell the students that you are going to read a few pages of
the assigned reading. "I want you to write down any words
or ideas that you think are important for understanding the story while
5. Begin reading the selected text.
6. After reading aloud, tell the students that you are going to
make a class web based on what they wrote as the important ideas in the
story. Model how to create a story web by having students
raise their hands and share their main ideas. Tell students your
thinking tracks on how to create the web as you draw it on the
board. "The first step is to draw a large circle in the
middle. This circle will be the main point that you will describe
with all of your ideas. For this web, I am going to call this
circle Chapter 1. This way, all of your ideas can fit under this
category. Watch how I write your ideas in the web. They
each have their own circle and a line to connect the idea to the main
Chapter 1 circle.
7. Complete the Chapter 1 story web with the entire class.
8. After the story web is completed, explain to students how to
use the web in order to create their own summaries. Tell students
that the smaller circles represent main ideas from Chapter 1. "We
are going to use as many main ideas as you can to form a paragraph
describing what happened in Chapter 1." Togerther as a class,
discuss the main ideas from the web and condense them to form a
paragraph on the board.
9. After creating a class summarization, have students read the
next fifteen pages on their own. When they have finished reading,
divide the students into four groups and have them work together to
create story webs and a paragraph that summarizes the pages they have
just read. After each group has finished, let each group choose a
member to read the constructed paragraphs to the class.
10. Assess the students through their group work efforts, created
story webs, and completed paragraphs to better understand their
personal ability to comprehend meaning of text.
Oglesby, Kara. Fun with Summarizing.
to Learn Lesson Design (2003)
Parish, Peggy. Play Ball, Amelia
Bedelia. Harper Collins Publishers: U.S.A. 1972. 65 p.
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