1. Say the following to the students to introduce them to the
lesson. "Today we are going to learn about a letter of the
alphabet. We are going to talk about the letter a
! Now everyone repeat after
! Now place
your hands on your cheeks and make the same sound again. Aaaaa
! Can you feel what your
mouth is doing when you make the /a
2. "Now let's see if we can make the "aaaa
motion" by placing our hands
on our cheeks every time we hear the aaaa
sound. [Teacher models the aaaa motion to the students] I
am going to say a few words and I want you to do the aaaa
motion with me when you hear
carefully! "b-a-g" "t-a-g" "h-a-t"
3. "Now, let's try a tongue twister! Listen to the words as
I say them. Say the tongue twister "Anna!
An apple in the ad!"
Now I am going to write the tongue
twister on the board so you can see it. [Write "Anna! An apple in the ad!
on the board.] Now let's say the tongue twister
together! Get ready! "Anna!
An apple in the ad!
" Very good!"
4. "Now this time, we are going to say the tongue twister a
little differently. Let's see if we can stretch the words to make
the aaaaa sound easier to hear. So this time, let's say the
tongue twister really slow. Ready?
(aaaa)-p-p-l-e i-n t-h-e (aaaaa)-d!"
5. "Now we are going to practice listening for the aaaaa
sound in words. I am
going to say two words and I want you to do the aaaaa
motion when you hear the aaaaa
sound. I'll show you
what I mean by answering the first question for you. Listen
Can I hear the aaaa sound in "bath
?" Now let me
think.... I need to stretch out the words. b-aaaaaa-t-h
I can hear the aaaa
sound in b-aaaaa
-t-h! Now it's your
turn! Do you hear the aaaaa
sound in "apple
" or "grape,
" in "bat
" or "bait,
" in "gap" or "gate?" [
Have students stretch out
each word together]
6. Pass out the book Pat's Jam
to the students. Have students read Pat's Jam
to themselves. Have
students write about something they liked in the story. Observe
their written messages and have them read the messages to you.
7. For assessment, have the students complete a worksheet that
allows them to separate the words with the /a
/ phoneme from the words without
the /a/ phoneme. The students will circle the all of the words
that contain the /a
and cross out the words that do not have the /a
/ phoneme. For example, the
would be circled by
the student, while the word hop
would be crossed out since it does not contain the /a/ phoneme.
Adams, Marilyn J. (1990.) Beginning
to Read: Thinking and Learning About: A Summary
. Center for the
Study of Reading Research and Education
Center University of Illinois at
Urbana-Champaign. Print. University of Illinois.
Cushman, Sheila. Pat's Jam
Educational Insights. California, 1990.
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