Juicy Stuff Matters
Reading to Learn
Summarization is an important skill for any reader to learn and master
a review or recap can take place. Summarization
is an important literacy goal because it helps students to understand
been read and gives them the necessary scaffolding to represent their
of the material read. This lesson will teach students story
structures, learn to summarize by singling out what is important, and
how to sue summarization on sentence strips to practice putting a story
- Dr. Seuss. How the
Grinch Stole Christmas. 1957. New York, Random House.
- Paper and pencil
- Sentence strips
- I will introduce
summarization to the students by asking them what it means and then
describing the concept in my own words. “What does it mean to summarize
a story? Summarizing a story means to read a passage and then retell
the story by using the main idea so that it is shorter. In order to do
this we must be able to pick out what is important to the plot of the
story. This helps us understand what happened in the story in a quick
and organized way. I will model for you by reading a passage and
summarizing it. (I wanted a puppy for Christmas. I ask my mom for a
puppy everyday. I knew Christmas was going to be here soon so I even
asked her three times a day so that she would not forget. When we
walked past the pet store I would point out the puppy I wanted so that
my mom wouldn’t pick the wrong one. I even wrote Santa Clause and asked
him for a puppy just in case my mom forgot. If she didn’t forget, I
would get two puppies. When Christmas Day came I ran down stairs to see
all the presents piled under the tree. I looked for the box that would
be moving and making noises, but I couldn’t find one. After we opened
all our presents, I still was not as happy as I should have been. I
asked my mom if she forgot about the puppy I wanted. As I was waiting
for her answer, my dad walked through the door with the puppy I wanted?
He didn’t forget about my puppy!) Summarization: I asked my mom and
Santa Clause everyday for a puppy for Christmas and when Christmas Day
came, my dad was the one who remembered to get my puppy. “I just
summarized the story by going through each sentence and finding
information that is important to know and will help me understand the
book. To find out what is important you should ask yourself these
questions: Who is in the story? Where are the characters? What did the
characters do? What was the problem in the story and was the problem
solved? Use these questions to help you
find out what is important. Not everyone will have the same answer and
that is ok.
- Explain to the students
that they will be put into small groups and must work cooperatively.
The students will be put into groups of three. Each group will get a
copy of the book, How the Grinch Stole Christmas. They will be
assigned a certain number of pages to read so that the text is brief.
“A good way to summarize is to write notes of what is important. (I
will read the first page of the book and write on a post-it what is
important on that page so that you know exactly how to do it.) If you
don’t think important information is on that page, then don’t write
anything on your post-it. You can stick
the post-it on the page you read so that you can go back to see if what
you wrote is really important. I will model how to use the post-its. (I
will read the first two pages of the story out loud and as I’m reading,
I will stop and say what I’m doing) Page one: “Every Who down in
Who-Ville liked Christmas a lot” I will take my post-it and ask myself
the questions stated above and write the answers down. If I don’t have
an answer, I won’t write anything down. I will explain this out loud to
the students. I write on the post-it “Who”, “Who-Ville”, and “they like
Christmas a lot”. I will explain why I chose to write the words that
were in the story. “I must know who is in the story, where the story is
taking place, and what the characters are doing or what they like.” I
will repeat this process for the second page.
- The children will take
turns reading pages in their groups and write their post-it notes.
After reading their assigned pages, students should discuss as a group
what they read and decide if the notes answer the questions.
- The groups will then
rewrite their notes in sentences and write them on sentence strips.
- The class will come
together and each group will put their sentence strips in order on the
board. The class will decide if they are truly in order and if they
think this is a good summarization of the story. I will ask, “Do you
think that this summarization can be shortened any more without taking
out the important information? If so, what can you say?”
I will assess students while they are in their groups and as they are
on their post-its, I will ask them why they chose those ideas and why
think they are important.
Getting Down to the Nitty Gritty.
Lloyd. Teaching Decoding in Holistic
Classrooms. 1995. Prentice Hall.
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