Beginning Reading Lesson
In order for children to become fluent
readers, they must first begin to understand that letters are mapped
graphemes, which are the vocal gestures they hear in words. These
gestures are called phonemes which are mapped onto graphemes.
can be a single letter or 2 letters that together still make one
When a combination of letters makes one single sound we call this a
digraph. The goal of this lesson is to help students understand
digraphs are made up of more than one letter but only has one vocal
phoneme. The digraph taught in this lesson is /sh/. Students will be
recognize audibly and visually the phoneme and grapheme /sh/ in text by
of the letterboxes as well as learn to spell and read /sh/
primary paper, chart with “Shirley shuffled while
shopping for fish, shoes, and shells”, Elkonin boxes for each student,
(d, a, s, h, i, p, t, o, c, h, e) for each student. Sheep on a Ship
Nancy E. Shaw, one for each student.
- “When you are at the library and people start
talking too loud, what does the librarian say? Shhh….that’s
right. Shhh is the special sound we are going to talk about today. We hear and use this a lot when we want people
to lower their voices. Did you know that sh is a
sound? Many times when we hear a sound it is written with one
letter, but sometimes there are special sounds that are written with
two letters. Sh is an example of a sound that is written
with two letters and those two letters are s and h.
When we see s and h next to each other in a word that
tells us that the sound they make is /sh/.
(Teacher will use the board while talking about this.)
- “Now, class let’s practice our new sound.
I want you to pretend that everyone is talking really loud and we need
to say /sh/ together.
Shhh…great job! Now let’s say our sound, but put your index
finger over your lips when you say the sound. Shhh…very
good! (Teacher models) Throughout the rest of our lesson
whenever you hear the sound /sh/
I want you to put your index finger over you lips as a signal that you
hear the sound.”
- “Now I have a tongue twister for everyone to
read together. Ready? Here we go.
shark shopped for shirts, shoes, and shorts by the sea shore.”
- “Now this time when we say our tongue twister I
want you to stretch out the /sh/ sound in the words, just like
this wassshhhhh. Ready? Ssshhhelly the ssshhark ssshhhhopped for
ssshhhirts, ssshhhhoes, and ssshhhorts by the sea ssshhhore. Great
- “Class, please take out your letterboxes that I
gave you. Please pay attention while I demonstrate how to spell
the word wish.” Draw letterboxes on the board for modeling.
I will slowly stretch out the word and remind the students that each
box represents a sound and sh is one sound that goes in one
box. I will model slowly stretching out the word
wwwwiiiisssshhhhh. I will put w in box one, i in box two, and /sh/ in box three,
because the sh makes one sound so it goes in one box.
“Ok, class now it’s your turn to spell out some words. Open up
three letterboxes and spell the word dash, fish, ship, and shut.
Next, open up four boxes and spell flash, and brush. Great
job! Now, that you have spelled these words let’s see if you can
read the words outside of the letterboxes.” I will walk around
the room and observe the students while we are doing the letterbox
lesson. (assessment) Write the words on the board and have
the class say the words together. “Wonderful job class.”
- “I am going to write some words on my small
white board and when I turn it around. I will say the word that I
have written and you will have five seconds to think about and I want
you to say /sh/ if you see the /sh/ in the
word.” Ask the students if the /sh/ is at the
beginning, middle, or end of the word? “Great job!”
- “Now with a partner you are going to read Sheep
on a Ship. You will take turns reading and when come to word
with /sh/ in it I want you to write it down on the paper I will
give you. (The papers with the words will be turned in for
assessment.) “With the words from our book are going to make a
poster with a ship in the sea and we will place all these words on a
Sheep Ship. Great job class!!”
Ssshhopping for Ssshhells. http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/innov/kendrickbr.html
Katrina. Sound of the Week Lesson
for /sh/. http://www.letteroftheweek.com/sound_sh.html
Shaw, Nancy E. Sheep on a ship. Houghton
Reprint edition 1992