Sarah Autrey

Design: Growing independence and fluency



We are NUTS About Fluency!!!



Rationale: The goal of reading is that students must become fluent readers because it produces comprehension. “Good readers decode rapidly and automatically” (Adams 92). In order for students to gain fluency while reading they must be able to read the text fast and understand it. Repeated readings have been a resourceful tool to help assist in fluency. Repeated readings help the student to develop reading skills like: reading faster, smoother reading and reading with expression. As children become fluent readers they are able to enjoy the text because they can comprehend it.



∙Wipe off board

∙Wipe off marker

 ∙One stop watch for every two students

∙Kite Day at Pine Lake, a class set, Educational Insights, 1990.

∙A class set of progress charts:  a squirrel and nut going up the tree (illustration is at the end of the lesson)

∙6 Sticky notes for each group

∙A copy of, Di and the Mice, Educational Insights, 1990.

∙An enlarged progress chart for the teacher






1.I will begin by introducing the lesson; I will tell them that we are going to learn how to become great readers. Class, today we are going to learn how to read faster and smoother. In order to become great readers we have to be fluent. Fluent means that we can read fast and smoothly. I am going to let you read with a partner to practice fluency.



2.In order to active their background knowledge I will read them a sentence two different ways to illustrate fluency. Students here is a sentence if I was not a fluent reader I would read it like this….Saaaallllllly fiiiiinnnddss nnnutts on a ttttrrreeee. Class how I just read that sentence is not what we want to do. This sentence will be read very slowly and choppy to show a non-fluent reader. Now class this is how a fluent reader reads…Sally finds nuts on a tree. That sentence that I read made better sense because you could understand me right!? This how we read when we become great readers because we read fast and smoothly. I read fast and smoothly because I knew the words and I paid attention and look at the text as I read.



3.Class when I read quickly and smoothly it helps me understand the sentence better. Now I want you to try to become a fluent reader. I want you to be partners with your friend that is sitting across from you.



4.Pass out the book, Kite Day at Pine Lake to each student. Students, I want you to read this book quietly to yourself. If you miss more than one or two words you might want to read a new book. But remember that you can use the “cover-up” method to work on words you don’t know. Look up here at the board to see how we can read hard words. To review “cover-ups” I will write the word nut on the board. See class the word nut, if this word was to hard for me I could first find the vowel and cover up the n and t. So I see that the vowel is /u/. Now I can look at the /n/ which says, /n/u/. And lastly I can look at /t/ sound and it is now /n/u/t/. Nut!! Now you read through the story one time. While they are reading to themselves I will be passing out the progress charts and stopwatches.



5.Now that you have read through the book one time I want you to get with your partner. Today you have two jobs to do with your partner. One of you will be the reader and the other one will be the timer. When it is your turn to read I want you to see how many words you can read in one minute smoothly and fast. So that you do not have to worry about your time your partner will use the stopwatch to keep track of time. Do not skip any words. You can put a sticky note of where you left off so that you will know where to stop counting. When you are finished reading count the number of words that you read and move the squirrel and nut up your tree for the number of words you read. After one partner has done this then you switch jobs. Just remember that you move your squirrel and nut up the tree after you read.



6.In order for them to have a better understanding of how to work the progress charts I will model it up front. Class this is how you work your progress chart. If I read the sentence, The weather outside is very stormy. I do not think that I will get to play outside today. This sentence has 18 words in it so I would move my squirrel and nut up the tree to 18 words. Make sure that you also write down the number of words so that you will have a record of how you improved. Does anyone have any questions?



7.Now that I have answered your questions I want you to keep switching with your partner until you have each read three times. If you read more words move up the tree and if you read less words move down the tree. I want you to move up the tree so that you can become a great reader!! You can start.

8.I will be walking around the classroom to hear them reading and to assist with the progress charts.

9.For assessment I will have each student come up to my desk during reading group time. The text that I will try to use is, Di and the Mic, since it will use a lot of the same vowel correspondences as Kite Day at Pine Lake. I will use a progress chart with them also. I will also collect the progress charts to see their increase in fluency

Example of progress chart:

Fluency Tree

Move your squirrel up the tree o the number of words of get correct in one minute reads. If you go down on the number of words take your squirrel down the tree.



























∙Adams, M.J. Beginning to read: Thinking and Learning about Print. Department of Education, University of Illinois. 1990. pp.92.



∙Di and the Mice, Educational Insights, 1990



∙Kite Day at Pine Lake, a class set, Educational Insights, 1990



∙Owens, Amanda Kaye. Riding the Fluent Reading Waves.

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