Growing Independence and Fluency

Liz Copenhaver

Rationale:

Beginning readers place a strong emphasis on decoding each word slowly.  It is harder for them to focus on the meaning of the overall text because of this emphasis on decoding each individual phoneme/word.  It is important for children to gain fluency in their reading.  When they start reading faster, more accurately, and with expression, they will start comprehending.  In this lesson, the children will practice fluency by reading and rereading texts with a partner.  They will then assess each other by giving one minute reads.

Materials:

Book James and the Good Day.  CA:  Educational Insights, 1990.:  1 per student

One minute read charts with numbers going up by 10 starting at 30 wpm

(graphic of a race track on chart and race car cutout to move up chart):  1 per student

Stopwatch:  1 per pair of students

Pencil:  1 per student

Procedures:

1.  Begin the lesson by reviewing the correspondences used in this book:  a_e, ai, and ay = /A/.  Review that these spellings make the letter a say its name.  I will remind the students that the silent e on the end of a word makes it say its name.  I will also remind the student that you spell words with ai usually when the /A/ is in the middle of the word, and you spells words with ay when the /A/ is at the end of a word.  I will write words on the board and have the students say them.  Some words are make, play, spray, bait, main, pale, and pail.

2.  Next discuss the importance of fluent reading.  Say:  Today we are going to be practicing reading fluently which is faster, more expressive reading.  When we read faster and with expression, we are able to comprehend better.  We are going to be practicing by reading and rereading a book.

4.  I will pass out the books and have the students get into their buddy reading pairs.  Say:  Now I want you to get into your buddy reading pairs, and you are going to practice reading and rereading this book James and the Good day.  I will do a book talk.  Say:  James wakes up knowing it will be a good day.  He will sail his tug in his tub.  He keeps the water running and leaves the room as he is waiting for a big lake to form.  Uh oh!  What happens when he leaves the water running???  I want you to read the book together with your partner one time.