Oh, the Things We Can Learn!
Reading to Learn
Once students reach a certain age, they begin to read to learn new
information. In order to learn from reading, they should be able
to pick out the main ideas in text. This lesson is designed to
give students practice picking out main ideas in expository text.
With the aid of a graphic organizer, they will read a passage and
record the main ideas and supporting details.
overhead, main idea graphic organizer transparency, markers, main idea
graphic organizer for each student, copy of nonfiction passage for
each student (in this lesson, I used Scholastic News.), nonfiction
passage for teacher example.
1. Today we are going to be reading
nonfiction passages . In order to get the information you need
out of the passage, you should be able to pick out the main ideas.
2. First, I want us to read the
passage together. The passage is called, "The Longest
Flight." How long do you think it would take to fly in an
airplane all the way around the world? (Let students
guess). Well, Mr. Fossett was the
first person in the U.S. to do this! Let's read and find out
about the trip! (Teacher will place passage on overhead
and students will take turns reading until the end).
3. Great job reading!
Ok, first, we need to decide the topic of the passage. After
reading this passage, asked myself what the overall point of the
passage is. I decided
that the story is about a man who flew around the world in a
plane. I didn't really need to focus on all of the details yet,
just the topic. DO you all agree? Great! (Fill
in graphic organizer).
4. Next, we need to pick out 3
main ideas and the supporting details. When I started reading, I
began looking for important main ideas about the topic.
(Read story aloud until the end of 2nd paragraph). I think I know what the first main idea
is! Steve Fossett became the first person to circle the world in
a plane. Does everyone agree? Now we can fill in the
smaller details. I think we should add that the trip totaled
23,000 miles! That is not a main idea, but still an important
detail. (Fill in graphic organizer).
5. Can anyone raise their hand
and tell me another main idea? (Hopefully, the students
will figure out that there are 2 more main ideas. 1.)
Fossett began his quest in 2002 when he circled the world in a hot air
balloon. 2.) He made the trip in a Virgin Atlantic Global
Flyer). Great Job picking out
main ideas! Now, let's fill in those smaller details! Any
ideas about the details for our 2nd main idea? (He and his
crew took 58 days to complete the trip). Good. Now for the detail about the
3rd main idea? (He thought he might run out of gas, but
caught a tailwind). Good job!
(Fill in graphic organizer).
6. Give each student a copy of the graphic organizer (see link
below), and Scholastic News passage "Millions Mourn." Introduce
the passage: Has everyone been
watching the news over the past few weeks? If so, then you know
that the Pope passed away. His funeral was the largest gathering
in decades! Read this passage and find out about the ceremony.
Instruct students to read silently, and then fill in their graphic
organizers with the topic, main ideas, and supporting details.
7. Collect student work for assessment. Provide extra help
and practice to those who did not grasp the concept.
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