Rationale: The goal of this lesson is to help children create phoneme awareness. We are going to focus on understanding what a rhyming word is, and also practicing what sounds different vowels create.
Materials: sheet music for "Apples and Bananas", a recording of the song (if possible), a copy of Shel Silverstein's poem, "Bear in There", a list of words (real or made-up) that rhyme with the children's names in your class, fruit for snack
Procedure: Today we are going to discuss rhyming words, or words that sound alike (http://teams.lacoe.edu). I am going to read a poem about a bear that lives in a very unlikely place. (Read poem). I am going to read it again, and this time I will stop every couple of lines, and see if you all can pick out the words that sound alike. (Read poem and stop every second or third line where the rhyme ends and let the children tell which words rhymed). The last line of this poem listed some made-up words that rhymed. Sometimes we make up words so that they can sound like other words, or rhyme with other words. Now we are going to sing a song that has a lot of made-up words in it. In order to make up these words, we have to change the sounds in a bunch of words that we already know. This makes all the words sound alike. I am going to play the song once (or sing it- depending on if you can obtain a recording) and you can listen to it and then we'll sing it together. (Play "Apples and Bananas"). Since you have heard the song, I think we will try to sing along this time (sing together). Now we will sing it once more and then I have a game we will play together to see if you all understand what a rhyming word is. (Sing again). All of you did a fantastic job singing, so we can play our game now. I have made a list of words- some real and some made up like the words in our song. Every word on my list rhymes with someone's name in this class. I am going to call out the words and I want you all to tell me whose name my word rhymes with. (Play game).
Conclusion: Now that we have learned about rhyming words, and sung all about fruit, it is time for our fruit break!
References: www. kididdles.com- words to "Apples and Bananas"
www.ertp.santacruz.k12.ca.us/connect/2c.html- sample activities to promote various levels of phoneme awareness
http://teams.lacoe.edu/documentation/classrooms/patti/k-1/teacher/assessment/tools/rhyme.html- definition of rhymes
Silverstein, Shel. "Bear in There". A Light in the Attic. Harper & Row, 1981. pp 47.
Alternate Ideas and Additions to Lesson: www.peelbooks.com- "Alphabet Riddles" by: Susan Joyce- Great activity for children to learn sounds and fill-in-the-blank. Also, Anna Banana by Joanna Cole has many rhymes intended for jump-roping that are easy for children to remember and can help promote phoneme awareness. Other helpful sites were www.readingkey.com and www.toread.com.