Shhhhh…. Sherri Shivers
Rational: To learn to read, children must learn the letter combinations (digraphs) that stand for specific mouth moves. They must learn that when certain letters are together in a word they stand for a specific mouth move. This lesson will help children recognize the phoneme /sh/ in written and spoken language. They will also be able to read and spell words that contain the phoneme /sh/. They will participate in small reading groups and in a class letterbox lesson.
Materials: Poster with "Sherri shivers and shakes when she sees fish" written on it, Elkonin boxes for the whole class, letters: a d e f h i k n r s t v w, a copy of "One Fish Two Fish" by Dr.Seuss and a work sheet(made up on your own) where the children have to match the word and the picture on one side ( a picture of a ship with the word ship) and on the other side they have to write the name of the picture under the picture, primary paper, pencils, and tape.
1. I would introduce the lesson by explaining that sometimes '' two letters get together and make a special sound" "Today were are going to talk about the mouth move that S and H make when they get together. They say /sh/. Can everyone make that sound? Say it slowly and tell me what shape your mouth makes. When I make the /sh/ sound my teeth are together, my lips out and the air leaks through your teeth. Watch my mouth as I read ship. I will first look at the vowel /i/. Then I will add the /sh/ to the /i/and say /shi/. Then I will add the /p/ and get /ship/. Now we are going to listen for the /sh/ sound in words.''
2. Let's try our silly sentence: "Sherri shivers and shakes when she sees fish." Let's say it three times together. Now we are going to stretch out the /sh/ sound in each word "SSHHerri SSHHivers and SSHHakes when SSHHe sees fiSSHH." Who can tell me how many words in our silly sentence have the /sh/ sound in them? 5 word have the /sh/ sound in them.
3. "Now that we know what the sound the SH makes, lets try to spell some words that have that sound in them. I need to pass out the letterboxes. Everyone should get one set. I am going to pass around several envelopes with letters in them. Only take one and pass it to your neighbor. Turn them to the lowercase side and raise your hand when you have all 15 letters. I want you to get a small piece of tape out of your desk and tape the S and the H together. Does everyone remember how we do our letterbox lesson? Good. Who remembers from last week which two letters we taped together? C and H that's right. Today we are going to do the same thing with S and H. When they are together they make one sound, /sh/. So when we spell a word, we will have the same number of boxes as we have sounds. Let's start with 2 boxes. Use your letters to spell the word "aaashhh". (I would walk around and glance at everyone's before I asked for the answer). Let's try some more words using 3 boxes: Fish, ship, rush, shut, dish, shop, shell. You all are doing such a good job let's try some words with 4 letterboxes: Crash, flesh, fresh and flash.
4."I need some students to come and read with me at my table. The rest of you can get out your primary paper and copy the silly sentence down. Then I need you to write a sentence about a fish and draw a picture in the space above the lines. When everyone has done this we will put them in the hall for everyone to read.''
5. The students at my table will read "One Fish Two Fish". This about a red and blue fish. Before we read this book, let's look at the pictures and guess what is about to happen. Now I want to go around the table and each read a page. Remember to read and listen to make sure that the sentence you read makes sense. If it doesn't go back and try to fix it and if you can't you can ask a buddy to help you. Okay let's begin."
6. For Assessment: I would give them each a work sheet with pictures to match with the words on one side of the paper. For example, they would have to match a picture of a ship with the word "ship". On the other side of the paper there will be pictures with space to write the name of the picture underneath it. I would also assess their reading when we were reading in a group and I could also assess their spelling during the letterbox lesson and by reading their sentences.
Reference: Murray, B.A. & Lesniak, T. (1999). The Letterbox Lesson: A hands-on approach to teaching decoding. The Reading Teacher, 43, 282-295. Cushman, Sheila. Fish the Fish. Educational Insights. 1990.
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