Reading to learn!
Rationale: When reading fluency has been achieved, a reader can
focus more effort on understanding or comprehending what they read.
This way they can learn what they are reading!
There are several strategies to be learned that can improve comprehension. The goal of this
lesson is to improve comprehension by teaching students to use the Story Grammar strategy.
With this strategy students make a map or outline of the main elements of the story, which will help them with free recall and cued recall.
Materials: The book Stop Drop and Roll by Margery
Cuyler, a list of questions written on the board, 2 sheets of lined notebook
paper and a pencil for each student.
1. Who is/are the main character(s) in the story?
2. Where and when did the story take pace?
3. What did the main character do?
4. How did the story end?
5. How did the main character feel?
1. Introduce the lesson by telling the children that they have been doing a really good job so far and now that they know how to read we are going to focus on learning what we read about. We are going to learn how to do this by making a kind of map about the story that we read. In order to make this map, we will have to answer the questions who, what, when, where, and how about the story. Making a map or outline of this story makes it a lot easier to remember and learn what we read.
2.First, we will practice with a story that everybody knows. Do you remember the story of the Three Little Pigs? Good! I will show you how to make a map about the story by answering these questions (Teacher answers the first few questions about the story of the Three Little Pigs, reasoning out loud for students to follow.) Now lets work together to answer the rest of the questions (Teacher asks the remaining questions and the students help her answer them.) Leave the answers and questions on the hoard to be an example for the following exercise.
3.(Teacher has the students read the story Stop Drop and Roll. Next, she has the students take out a clean sheet of paper. ) I want you to copy down the five questions that I wrote on the board, leave 2 or 4 blank spaces between the questions. After you have finished reading the story silently, write the answers to the questions about what you read. When you finish, lay you paper and the story sheets on my desk quietly so that you will not disturb the rest of the class while they finish working. Then you may read your library books silently.
4.When all students have completed the assignment, allow them to read their library books
for a few more minutes. Then have them to get out another sheet of paper and ask them to write down anything and everything that they can remember, in story form, of Stop Drop and Roll.
Tell them to include the information they had used to answer the questions but they must also include at least 2 other events from the story and at least one detail about each main character.
5.Assess the student's work by comparing this assignment to the previous assignment. Check to see if they included the additional information you requested.
This should be repeated with other stories to stress the importance of this strategy and to encourage the students to do this independently.
References: Pressley, Michael, et al. "Strategies that Improve Children’s Memory and Comprehension of Text." The Elementary School Journal 90 (1989) : 13
to return to Challenges