Rationale: A main goal of reading is to be able to comprehend what is being read. Understanding the main idea and focus of what you are reading are the goals of comprehension. This lesson will focus on helping to teach children how to understand and comprehend a story through summarization by allowing them to first read a story and then summarize a part of the story.
Materials: Paper, pencils, Charlotte’s Web (one for each child)
1. This lesson will take some time. The students need to have ample time to read the book, Charlotte’s Web (about 2 weeks). In introducing the book you should explain to the students the importance of reading for comprehension. STUDENTS, YOU NEED TO READ THE BOOK VERY CAREFULLY BECAUSE WE WILL BE DOING AN ACTIVITY ONCE WE ARE FINISHED. BE SURE TO CATCH THE MAIN IDEA BEHIND THE STORY. IT MIGHT BE A GOOD IDEA TO WRITE SOME NOTES IN THE MARGINS THAT MIGHT HELP YOU REMEMBER AS YOU READ.
2. In the 2 weeks that they read the book have them keep track of important facts. A good idea would be to have them keep a journal. In the journal have them summarize and pull out important facts in the text that they read that day.
3. I KNOW WE HAVE BEEN READING CHARLOTTE’S WEB AND EVERYONE HAS BEEN DOING A GREAT JOB. NOW THAT WE ARE ALL FINISH, REMEMBER HOW I SAID WE WERE GOING TO DO AN ACTIVITY. LET’S TALK ABOUT THE SPECIAL FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN CHARLOTTE AND WILBUR. CAN ANYONE TELL ME WHY YOU THINK THAT THEY ARE FRIENDS. Wait for a response. LET’S THINK ABOUT IN THE STORY. WHAT ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF HOW THEY SHOWED THEY WERE FRIENDS. Discuss response. NOW I WANT EVERYONE TAKE OUT SOME PAPER AND A PENCIL WE ARE GOING TO GET STARTED.
4. REMEMBER IN THE STORY THE SPECIAL FRIENDSHIP THAT WILBUR AND CHARLOTTE HAD. I WANT EACH OF YOU TO EXPLAIN THEIR FRIENDSHIP TO ME.
5. IN TELL ME ABOUT THEIR FRIENDSHIP BE SURE TO INCLUDE HOW YOU FIRST KNEW THAT THEY WERE FRIENDS AND HOW THEY SHOWED THEIR FRIENDSHIP TOWARD EACH OTHER. I WILL BE TAKING THESE PAPERS UP SO EVERYONE TRY THEIR BEST.
6. For assessment, the teacher will read each child’s description to see if they have comprehended the important points. Have a checklist ready when reading their description to make sure they have covered everything and that they understand
White, E.B. Charlotte’s Web
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