Annie Appleseed
Emergent Literacy
Jeff Bryant

Rationale: The purpose of this lesson is to help children to be able to recognize and pronounce the phoneme a = short /a/.  Children first must be able to recognize the "a" in a word and identify when the letter makes the short /a/ sound.

Materials:  Primary paper, pencil, cards with various words on them-half of the cards need to have short /a/ words on them, "Cat in the Hat" book, dry erase marker, dry erase board.

1) Introduce the lesson by writing a lower case a on the board and telling the students that it makes a short /a/ sound.  After saying the short /a/ sound, write it on the board again and say a few words that have the short /a/ sound in it.  Ex. Apple, Annie, and.

2) Ask students: Have any of you ever been to the doctor?  Did the doctor make you hold out your tongue and say a a a a.  That's the same sound our letter /a/ makes.

3) Students I'm going to say a sentence [write sentence on board] and when I am finished I want all of you to say it.  Sentence: Annie and her mad cat sat together.  Teacher says a sentence a second time and holds all the short /a/ sounds.  Now students you read the sentence without holding the short /a/ sound.  When students are finished call on individuals to identify the words in the sentence with the short /a/ sound.  Words: Annie, and, mad, cat, sat.  Choose a students to read sentence, holding the short /a/ sounds.

4) Students take out primary paper and pencil.  Watch me write our letter "a" on the board.  Start right below the fence, curve up to the fence and around down to the sidewalks, go up touch the fence and straight back down to the sidewalk.  Now students you try to write one and let me check it before you write anymore. Students that is our letter "a" and it makes the doctor sound, a a a a.

5) Students I am going to show each one of you two cards with a word on them.  If I show you are card with our doctor sound /a/ on it I want you to snap your fingers or clap your hands.  If it's not your turn I want you to sit quietly and practice our letter.

6) Students we are going to read "Cat in the Hat." Listen closely and try to identify words with our short /a/ sound.  I am going to read it again slowly and I want you to do your best to write down words that have our sound in it.  At the end of the story ask students for their words and write some of the words on the board and ask students if the words are correct.  Now have students write a message about a cat, a hat, or an apple and include some short /a/ words.

7) For assessment, have students circle words in their message that have the short /a/ sound.

Byrne, B., & Fielding-Barnsley, R. (1990). Acquiring the alphabetic principle: A case for teaching recognition of phoneme identity.  "Journal of Educational Psychology, 82, 805-812. The Alphabet Game., Teaching the alphabet and their sounds.

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