Rationale: This lesson is to help beginning readers know how to make the sound /sh/. Students need to know this sound because it is used in many of the words we use in everyday language. Students also need to be aware that digraphs are groups of two successive letters whose phonemic value is a single sound. This lesson will help students better understand /sh/ when reading and writing words. I will teach this lesson with a letterbox lesson.
Materials: Elkonian boxes, letters- (f, I, s, h, n, e, p, c, t, a, r, l, l,), book- "The Rainbow Fish" by Marcus Phister. There should be enough boxes, letters, and books for each child. Also you will need chalk and chalk board.
1. Have the students sit in front of each other and say the sound /sh/. This way they can see how their mouths move when saying the sound. Do you see how your lips pucker and you show your teeth when pushing out the sound?
2. Say: I am going to read a sentence that has the digraph /sh/ in it more than one time. Each time you hear a word with the /sh/ sound, raise your hand so that I know you heard it. Count how many times I said /sh/ in the sentence.
" Fishy fish have shiny scales."
3. Then ask the students what letters they think make the /sh/ sound. They should reply. Write the words the students say on the board. Discuss words like fish, wish, shape, and ship. Model the sound and give the following explanation. The /sh/ sound is made when you put the letters s and h together. The /sh/ sound is found in many spoken words in our language.
4. Let's spell some of them. Start the letterbox lesson, but make sure everyone of the students have the materials needed to do so. Say: first spell fish, Great, now let's spell wish, Good, now let's spell shape. Great you can spell the shape.
5. Now write each of the words on the board and have the students read them out loud.
6. Say: Everyone has just spelled three words that have /sh/ sound in them. Now we are about to read a book that have words with the /sh/ sound. Say: The Rainbow Fish by Marcus Phister (book talk) is about a fish that learns to share with other fish. While we read this story listen for the /sh/ sound.
7. Assessment: Ask the students if they can tell you any word form the book that has the /sh/ sound in it. Write the words on the board. Then when all the students have given you a word have them all read them out loud when you point to them.
Eldredge, J. Lloyd (1995) Teaching Decoding in the Holistic Classroom.
Phister, Marcus, The Rainbow Fish
Click here to return to Challenges