U-u-u-u, I’m confused!

Beginning Reading Page

 Abby Watts


Rationale:  It is critical for beginning readers to clearly understand the alphabetic principle.  Vowels are the hardest concept to learn, therefore a lot of time and practice is necessary.  This lesson is designed to have the children recognize, spell, and read words that contain the correspondence u=/u/.  The students will learn meaningful representation of the letter and have plenty of practice with written and spoken words which contain u=/u/.  


-Primary paper and pencils
-Poster with "Bud runs under the sub for a bug.”
-Letterboxes for each student
-Plastic letters for each child: h, u, l, g, c, b, m, o, s, d, n, m, a, t, p, i, g, p, k
-Cards with words on them: fuzz, mom, cat, hug, hum, sun, cub, pig, up
-Chalk and chalkboard
-Bud the Sub (Educational Insights)
-Picture page: rug, bee, sub, drum, car, duck



1. Introduce the u=/u/ correspondence and explain how to find it in words.  "Today we are going to find the letter u (write u on the board).  The letter u makes the /u/ sound. Watch how my mouth moves when I say the letter u.  Now, you watch each other say the sound and see the mouth moves made. (Have the students do this for about one minute.)  This is like the sound we make when we are confused about something.  When we say the /u/ sound everyone have a confused look on your face.


2. To practice recognizing letter u in written text, I will hold up two cards at a time. (One with a u word and one with a different vowel, ex: tag and Bud.) Model how to find the word with the /u/ sound.  "I heard /u/  in Bu-u-ud, not ta-a-ag.  I found the /u/ in Bud (make a confused look).  Now you try!"  Ask the students which word contains the /u/ sound.  Tell them to make a confused look when they hear the /u/ sound in the words.


3. "Now, lets practice saying a funny tongue twister together. Bud runs under the sub for a bug ."  Say it together several times. "This time lets stretch out the /u/ sound and make our faces when we hear the sound.  Buuuud ruuuuns uuuunder the suuuub for a buuuug."

4. Draw the Elkonin letterboxes on the board for teacher use during this part of the lesson.  Give each student a letterbox and letter tiles.  Tell the students to turn the letterbox tiles on the lower case side.  "We are going to practice spelling words with the /u/ sound.  Look at the board and see how there are two spaces for two mouth moves. Right now, I am going to spell the word up.  The first box is for the first sound in up, the /u/.  Remember how the /u/ sound makes the noise for when we are confused. The second box is for the second sound, the /p/.  Now, you can practice with the following words: (3)-cub, sun, mom, pig, cat, hum, hug.  (4)-bud. (5)-plunk."  Have the students do it at their desks at the same speed you do it on the board.  Say the word, count the sounds, make the number of boxes on the board, and have the students tell you the sound they hear.


5. Get out the letterbox words that are written on cards.  Show students the model word. "We are going to read the word mud.  Lets start with the /u/, now lets add the /m/ - /mu/. Say it together.  Its time to add the last sound /d/ - /mud/.  Now, lets say the whole word mud." Continue doing this with all the words from the letterbox.

6. The students will be placed in pairs to read Bud the Sub.  Book talk before splitting the class up: "Gus has a sub named Bud. They are out at sea one day when they see a tug that has been hit. There is a man and a dog on the tug. It is up to Bud to bring the tug safely back to shore. Can Bud do it? You’ll have to read the book to find out!"  Give one book to each student.  Listen and walk around while the students read the book to each other.

7. Say to students: "Write a message about your favorite animal.  Try to write some words in your message that have a u in them.  Remember that when we make the letter u that we start at the fence and draw down to the sidewalk, curve over, and back up to the fence.  Now, without lifting your pencil, you should draw a straight line back down to the sidewalk."

8.  Assessment:  
Give each student a pseudoword test with /u/ words. Ask them to read the following silly words: GUB, SUF, LUN, MUK, WUD.




Cushman, Shelia.  Bud the Sub.  Educational Insights: Carson, CA, 1990.

Homan, Amy. Umbrella Fun.


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