Quirky Pink Pigs
Literacy (Recognizing Letters)
Rationale: It is important for children to learn how to identify letters and listen for the beginning sounds. This lesson is designed to help students learn to recognize the difference between p=/p/ and q=/kw/. These two letters look alike to children and they are often confused. Throughout this lesson, students will have the opportunity to practice listening for these sounds and engaging in activities that deal with the letter p and q. They will also have the opportunity to practice writing the letters p and q.
Materials: Large flash card with the letters p and q written on them.
Picture cards with words starting with p…pan, pen, pet, pig, pink, police, pot, puddle, purple
Picture cards with words starting with q…queen, quart, quarter, quick, quickly, quiet, quilt, quit
Book: The Three Little Pigs
Dry Erase Board
Dry Erase Marker
Primary writing paper
Red and Blue Cards
Illustrations for Printed Words
Procedure: - I will be sure to model all of the procedures for the students before they begin each activity. “Today we are going to learn about two letters that look a lot a like. They are p and q” (show cards as you say each letter). Hold up the card with p on it. “Can anyone tell me the sound that p makes? Right, p says /p/. Good job. Now everyone say /b/ with me.” Hold up the card with q on it. “Can anyone tell me the sound that q makes? Right, q says /kw/. Now everyone say /kw/ with me. Good. “Now I am going to show you some pictures and I want you to tell me which letter, Pp or Qq, they start with.” Show picture cards from materials list.
- Now listen carefully to what to what I ask:”
* Do you hear /p/ in pig or queen?
* Do you hear /p/ in pile or quilt?
* Do you hear /p/ in pen or quarter?
* Do you hear /q/ in quiet or pink?
* Do you hear /q/ in quick or purple?
* Do you hear /q/ in quart or pan?
- “Good job! Next we are going to learn some fun tongue twisters to help us remember the sounds that Pp and Qq make. A tongue twister is a sentence where a lot of the words start with the same letter and it is kind of hard to say them fast.” J (Write the tongue twisters on the board)
* “Here is our tongue twister for the letter Pp, we are going to emphasize (say it loud) the /p/ sound: ‘Patrick punches puffy pillows.’ This time I want us to stretch out the /p/: ‘Pppatrick pppunches pppuffy pppillows’ Good job. Ok, this is the last time but now I want us to break off the /p/: ‘/P/atrick /p/unches /p/uffy /p/illows”.’”
* “Here is our tongue twister for the letter Qq, we are going to emphasize (say it loud) the /q/ sound: ‘Quiet queen quilts quickly.’ This time I want us to stretch out the /q/: ‘Qqquiet qqqueen qqquilts qqquickly.’ Good. Ok, this is the last time, not we are going to break off the /q/: ‘/Q/uiet /q/ueen /q/uilts /q/uickly /.’”
- “Now we are going to practice writing the letters q and p. Let’s take out our paper and pencils. Watch me first, as I show you how to write them.” (write letters on board)
* “For little or lower-case p, Start at the fence, go straight down into the ditch, come up and put his chin on the sidewalk. Now it is your turn. Nice.”
* “For little or lower-case q, Start with an a, come down, and give the queen some curly hair.”
* “I want you to practice each letter 5 times. That means that you should write 5 little or lower case ps, and 5 little or lower-case qs. I will walk around to see how you are doing. Raise you hand if you have a question or need help.”
- “You all are doing a great job today! Now I want us all to go and sit in our group area and we are going to read The Three Little Pits. This book is about Brother and Sister Bear and their trip to the doctor’s office. They are both worried about getting shots. In order to find out what happens we are all going to have to be good listeners. (pass out pink and black cards) As I read the book I want you to pay close attention to the words that start with Pp and Qq. Every time you hear a word that starts with a Pp I want you to hold up the red card and if you hear a word that starts with a Qq, I want you to hold up the blue card. Let’s try it.” Read the title as the children practice holding up their cards.
Assessment: The children will be evaluated/assessed on their participation and their writing practice. I will also be making individual notes on the children’s responses while we are reading the book to see if they are getting the correct sound with the correct word. I will pass out a work sheet after the story where they will have to write a ‘p’ next to the words that start with /p/ and a ‘q’ next to the words that start with /q/.
Murray, Bruce. Teaching Letter Recognition. http://www.auburn.edu/%7Emurraba/letters.html
McCowan. Tongue Twister Alphabet. First Grade Fun with Alliteration.
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