Rationale: The most important goal of reading is to comprehend. There are certain strategies that children can learn to help them comprehend more thoroughly. One strategy that aids in reading comprehension is visualization. The lesson is designed to help children learn to visualize as they read which will enable them to comprehend more easily.
Materials: History Book: The World and Its People: the US and It’s Neighbors; drawing paper, colored pencils, short stories from Riverside: Anthology of Children’s Literature, butcher paper, markers, Discovery Magazine, quiz on article in Discovery Magazine.
1. Today we are going to talk about visualizing as we read. This will help us to comprehend what we are reading by picturing it in our minds as we read. Visualizing helps to reinforce what we are reading so that we can better understand and remember what we have read. To give you an example of how I visualize, if I read the sentence, “In 1492, Christopher Columbus sailed across the ocean to America,” I would picture a man dressed in old-time sailor clothes in a big ship sailing across the ocean.
2. Now first I want you to practice your silent reading by reading a passage in your History book about the first Thanksgiving. Remember that when we read silently we first begin by moving our lips as we read the words in a whisper. Then we read without whispering. After you read I would like for you to close your eyes and create pictures in your mind of what you have read.
3. I would like for each of you to take out your drawing paper and colored pencils and draw a picture of what you visualized as you were reading.
4. As we talk about the passage that you just read I would like for you to share what you visualized as you were reading.
5. Now I am going to divide the class into 4 groups. I will pass out a different short story to each group along with a large piece of white butcher paper and markers. I would like for each group to pick one person to be the reader. As the reader reads the paragraph I would like for each person in the group to close your eyes and picture what is being read. Then I want each of you draw what you visualized.
Assessment: For assessment I would have each student read an article out of Discovery Magazine. I would remind the children to visualize as they read. Then I would pass out a quiz on the article they read to see how well they comprehended what they had read.
Pressley, M. et al., (1998) “Strategies that Improve Children’s Memory and Comprehension of Text.” The Elementary School Journal. 90, 3-32.
Riverside: Anthology of Children’s Literature
“The World and It’s People: The US and It’s Neighbors.”
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