Who, What, When, Where
and Why is he there?



Melissa Jackson
Reading to Learn

Rationale:
Reading is a combination of decoding the words and comprehending the information. Children learn to decode the words by becoming phonemically aware. There are many ways to teach children comprehension. This lesson teaches children to ask big questions while they are reading so they will learn to comprehend the information.
 

Materials:
-Paper
-Pencil
-States and Regions textbook, (publisher-Silver Burrdett Company)
-Jan Goodall’ s Animal World—Pandas, (publisher-A Byron Priess book)
-Rose Red and the Bear Prince, (publishers-Harper Collins)

Procedure:
1. DO YOU KNOW WHAT THE PURPOSE OF READING IS? THE PURPOSE OF
READING IS TO COMPREHEND INFORMATION, IN OTHER WORDS
UNDERSTAND WHAT YOU READ. IT MIGHT BE EASY TO UNDERSTAND
WHAT A STORY SAYS WHEN I READ IT TO THE CLASS, BUT WHEN YOU
READ IT SILENTLY THAT IS HARDER. I will review what silent reading is and
select an appropriate short paragraph for the students to read silently. SILENT
READING ALLOWS YOU TO READ AT YOUR OWN PACE. DO NOT RUSH
THROUGH YOUR PASSAGE. TRY YOUR BEST TO UNDERSTAND WHAT
YOUR PASSAGE IS SAYING. Ex: “Rose Red and the Bear Prince”
 
 

2. DOES EVERY ONE REMENBER WHAT THEY READ? WELL I AM GOING TO
GIVE YOU A METHOD TO ALWAYS REMEMBER WHAT YOU READ. DO YOU
KNOW WHAT A QUESTION IS? SOME ONE ASKS A QUESTION WHEN THEY
WANT TO KNOW SOMETHING. WHEN WE READ WE ASK SHOULD ASK
QUESTIONS ABOUT THE STORY. WHAT KIND OF QUESTIONS SHOULD YOU
ASK? BIG QUESTIONS! WHY? SO YOU CAN FIND OUT LOTS OF
INFORMATION ABOUT THE STORY? WHAT ARE FIVE BASIC QUESTIONS
YOU SHOULD ASK? “WHO?, WHAT? WHEN? WHERE? WHY? THESE ARE THE
“FIVE W’S” THESE FIVE W’S HELP YOU UNDERSTAND THE STORY
WHO?” ASKS FOR THE MAIN CHARACTER AND “WHAT” ASKS FOR THE
MAIN IDEA IN THE STORY. “WHEN” IS ASKING WHAT YEAR, DAY,OR TIME
PERIOD. “WHERE” IS ASKING FOR A PLACE IN THE STORY. “WHY” IS
ASKING FOR THE MAIN POINT IN THE STORY OR IS THERE A REASON FOR
THIS EVENT,ETC?  I WILL GIVE YOU ANSWER TO A QUSTION AND YOU TELL ME WHAT QUESTION YOU WOULD ASK. "SIMON WAS THE CLASS CLOWN.  HE MADE THE TEACHER GO CRAZY. NOW WHAT QUESTION WOULD YOU ASK ABOUT THIS STATEMENT? YOU WOULD ASK (WHY?) QUESTIONS.
 

3. I will read the same short story to the class. While I am reading I will stop and ask the class questions about the story as elements present themselves. WHILE I READ I AM GOING TO STOP AND ASK MY SELF. THE FIVE W’S. THINK TO YOURSELF WHAT THE MOST IMPORTANT INFORMATION IS IN THE STORY AND WE WILL DISCUSS AS WE GO ALONG. BY DOING THIS WE WILL HOPEFULLY BE ABLE TO REMEMBER WHAT WE READ. I will lead the discussion, (model) asking the following questions and urge them to give answers.
 

4. Pass out a short article for each of them to read. I will ask them to read it silently and ask themselves the Five W’s. When everyone has had time to read, we will discuss the answers with the class. Ex: “Protecting the Giant Panda”, Jane Goodall’s Animal World-Pandas
 

Assessment:I will ask the children to read “ The Buffalo” pg.150 in the States and Regions-textbook. They will read it silently. I will ask them all to make up a quiz using the Five W’s or any other questions they think are important. The next day their classmates will take the quiz.
 

References:
Andreasan, Dan, Rose Red and the Bear Prince, Harper Collins Publishers, U.S.A., 2000

Schein, Miriam, Jane Goodall’s Animal World-Pandas, A Byron Priess Book, Antheheum, New York, 1989.

Kaltsouins, Theodore, States and Regions, Silver Burrdett Company,
Morrison, NJ. 1986

Pressely, M. Johnson, C.J. Symons, S. McGoldrick, J.A. and Kurity, J.A. (1989) Strategies that  improve children's memory and somprehension of text. Publishers, U.S.A., 2000.

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