To learn to read and spell words children must first learn phonemes and
letter correspondences. SOmetime as phoneme is represented by two
letters that go together to make one sound such as /sh/. THis is what
we call a digraph. Digraphs are very common in the English language.
This lesson will help children understand that when they see a s
and a h
together, they make /sh/ sound.
- Dry erase board and marker for each student
- Elkonin Letterbox (1 per child)
- Letters: i,p,a,s,e,r,c,h,t,l,u,n,m,o,d,w,
(one of each per student)
- At the Shore
book from the Harcourt Series of decodable books
- Worksheet for Assessment
TO begin this lesson, I would review the sounds we
have learned such as c= /k/,/s/ and h=/h/. WHen the letter is alone, it
makes different sounds. I will explain to my students that two letters
are placed together to make one sound like /sh/. " WHat do you think makes the sound /sh/.
Wait for response. "THat's right it is a s and a h . If no one gets it say, "Well, that is what
we are going to learn today." "WE are going to talk about the way our
mouths move when we put s and h together. Have the class say "sh". Now
watch the way my mouth moves when I read the word "shop" "Can everyone
make that sound with me?" "Great job everybody."
Write the words ship shape, and shadow
chalkboard. Read the words to the students and then have the children
read the words off the board. Next, slowly reread the words from the
board placing an emphasis on the /sh/. Underline the digraph while
reading the word. Than, have the student's reread each word placing an
emphasis on the /sh/. Have a student come up to the board and circle
the /sh/ sound they hear in each of the words.
WRite a tongue twister on
the board. "Shirley shares he sea shells." Have students copy the
sentence onto his/her individual dry erase board. Read the sentence
slowly and emphasize the /sh/ sound. Then he student read it with you
and circle the words that they hear /sh/ in. (have them share what they
circled with a neighbor to emphasize collaboration). After allowing
time for them to circle the words, have volunteers come up one at a
time and circle one word on the board that has the /sh/ sound.
Letterbox Lesson: Pass out
the letterbox and letters to each student. Remind them how the
letterbox activity works. Tell them that each box contains a different
sound. "Remember when the s and the h are side by side, they make the /sh/
sound" Illustrate this on the board using the word show. Draw 3 boxes.
"The first sound ( I used the word "sound" so the students would
understand) in 'show' is /sh/" " I am going to put the s and h side by side in the first box." "Now
we hear,/sh/o... the /o/ is next so we will put that in the second
box." "WE have one more box left." "the last letter w belongs in the last box." "Can you make
sure we have it right" "/sh/o/w/...perfect! NOw then, does everyone
understand that when the s and h are side by side they make the /sh/
sound?" "WEll, now I want you to spell these words using your
letterboxes." "But be careful, some might have a silent e." "Does anyone remember where we place the
silent e?" "Yes that is
right,outside the last box." (say
words orally ship,shape, shot,and
rush). "Now, spell each
of these words using three of your letterboxes." "Raise your hand if yo
you need any help and I will come and we will do it together." "Please
do not erase your letterbox until I tell you too."
checking all 3 phoneme words, move onto words with four phonemes.
Read: Pass out sea
shells for students to hold and look at while reading "at the Shore".
Tell students they can share and trade the shells for 30 secs to get
their favorite. Have them hold their favorite shell in the air when
they hear the /sh/ sound. Students will take turns reading aloud.
Assessment: Pass our a
worksheet. Their worksheet will have a word bank at the top including
the following words: ship, shells, rush and blush. Below their will be
a sentence with a blank and a picture of what belongs their. THe
children will write the correct word by the picture and circle the /sh/
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