“Fluency is Fun!”

Fluency

Marcy Price




Rationale: This lesson will focus on fluency. To be fluent a student must have accuracy, prosody, and automaticity. It is important for a student to be fluent because he or she needs fluency to have comprehension, which is the goal when in reading. This lesson is going to focus on reading with expression, or prosody. The students will read the book Amelia Bedelia. The students will read this book multiple days. While reading this book the students will be expected to change their expression when different characters are speaking and change their expression based on what the characters are feeling. The students will keep reading Amelia Bedelia multiple times for practice.

 

Materials:

the book Amelia Bedelia by Peggy Parish. Scholastic 1993 (one for each student), sentence strips for the students to practice expression, a list of sentences for the teacher to read to model fluency and mainly point out expression, or prosody, and

whiteboard or smartboard

 

Procedures:

  1.Today we are going to read with expression. When I say read with expression I mean to read how you think the character would say what he or she is saying and to read how you think the character is feeling. Let me show you what I mean. (Teacher reads a paragraph with different characters speaking to show the class how to read with expression.) Now let me show you how it would sound if I didn’t read with expression. (Teacher reads the same paragraph without expression in a monotone voice.) Now class, which one do you think sounded better? The reason we need to read with expression is so that we can become perfect readers. It is important to read with expression because it helps you understand the meaning of the text better and because it makes it more interesting.

2.Before you read today and before you practice reading with expression let’s review what you should do if you come to a word that you don’t know. If you come across a word you don’t know you can always use a cover-up. When you use a cover-up you cover up part of the word to help you read small parts of it at a time. Once you have used your cover-up you should crosscheck to make sure it makes sense. Crosschecking is when you read the whole sentence to make sure it makes sense all together.

3. Now let’s list some of the things you should do if you are reading with expression.(List these things on the board.): Different speed, have a high voice sometimes and a low voice sometimes, feeling, raising your eyebrows.

4. Now let’s see if we can decide whether each sentence is read with expression or not. (Teacher reads the list of sentences from the board.) If I read the sentence with no expression I will have one of the students reread it with expression.

·        Look out! That bird almost hit you.

·        Can someone please help me?

·        I think it’s time to go home.

·        I love my mother’s apple pie more than I love presents.

·        Those giraffes are really tall.

·        My favorite place in the whole wide world is New York.

  

5. Today we are going to read Amelia Bedelia. This book is about a little girl who has to do a list of chores for Mrs. Rogers, but there was miscommunication between Amelia Bedelia and Mrs. Rogers. Let’s read to find out what Amelia Bedelia is going to do to Mrs. Rogers’ house. Everyone remember that when you are reading in your group you should read the story how you think the characters are saying them. If the character is angry use an angry voice. If the character is excited use an excited voice.

6. The students will read the book through multiple times. First the students will read the book in their groups to help develop their expression. After reading each time the students will discuss certain parts where they showed great expression. They will discuss what was happening in the story that caused them to use such great expression.

7. After the students have read with their groups they will read the whole text individually to help practice using expression.

Once the students have read it through a few times I will walk around and ask them to read aloud a few pages and that will be each student’s assessment. It will be a formative assessment and I will mark on a clipboard notes about each student while he or she is reading. Things I will be looking for during assessment: Does the student change their tone? Does the student change their speed if something is exciting or suspenseful? Does the student show emotion through facial expressions? Has the student made improvement? I will ask the student to name two of the things Amelia Bedelia did that she wasn't really supposed to do.

 

 

References:

Clark, Leah Diary of a Worm http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/doorways/clarkgf.html

 

Amelia Bedelia by Peggy Parish Scholastic 1993

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