A Sunny Day to Visualize


Reading to Learn

Tori Hunsucker

Rationale: Comprehension is an important key to reading. Once students learn to comprehend what is being read, students are able to learn about what they are reading. Today in class, the students will learn how to visualize the text so that they are able to picture what is going on in the text in their mind, which will help them get a better understanding of what they are reading. To teach the students how to effectively visualize, they will learn how to read a text and visualize it in their minds. The students will be able to come out of this lesson being able to read a passage and draw together a visual image that will help them have a better comprehension of the story.

Materials: How to Eat Fried Worms by Thomas Rockwell, paper and pencil, white board


      Today in class, we are going to learn how to create an image in your mind of what you are reading so that you will be able to create a movie inside your head to help you understand what is going on while you read.”  

       ”I am now going to model for you how to create a great visual." The key to visualization is while you are reading you should picture the text inside your head creating a picture. For example, I am reading a page all about how a boy slips on spilled milk than hits his head. I will first picture a boy slipping on milk than laying on the floor in pain. Do you see how I created a movie inside my head from the text? With having an image inside my head, it will help me have a better understanding of what is going on in the text." I will then put the first page of How to Eat Fried Worms by Thomas Rockwell on the projector and I will read aloud to the students. After I finish reading. I will go over to the white board and draw a visual picture of the summary of the page.  I will then talk about my visual picture and explain why it summarizes the page and helps me have a better understanding of the text. For example, I will read page one which is all about the boys getting in trouble so than I would model visualization by drawing a picture on the board of a couple of boys getting in trouble by their moms. I would than model how I would answer two comprehension questions, what is going on in the story and where is the story happening. “Do you see students how I visualize? Now I want each one of you to try this on your own. Today I want you all to read four pages out of How to Eat Fried Worms by Thomas Rockwell. This book is all about how a group of boys dared Billy Forester to eat worms. Well even though Billy thought this was absolutely ridiculous, Billy never turns down a dare. The whole bet was that Billy had to eat 15 worms in 15 days. After Billy ate three worms, he realized that he actually enjoyed them so his friends became scared. Billy’s friends did everything they could to get Billy to not go through with the bet. You will have to find out if they found a way to stop Billy or does Billy end up winning the bet. This book is great and I am excited for you to read it!” Now I want you all to try on page 2 to visualize. I want you to read page 2 and I want you to visualize in your head and I want you all to draw a picture. When your done attempting to draw, I will ask you to think about two questions to help you see how well you comprehended the text. I will ask where are the characters and what is happening in the story. After I ask the questions, I will give you all think time and then I will call on a couple of students.


      The students then will receive their own copy of How to Eat Fried Worms. “I want you all to read pages 2 to 5. After each page, I want you to draw a visual picture of each page and then write a summary about why this picture helps you better understand the text. By a summary, I want you to just explain why you chose to create your visual. At the end of the reading, you all should have four summaries and visuals. Remember to read silently which is reading in your head and without saying anything. Also even though we are focusing on visualization, do not forget the other tools we have learned like sounding out, blending words, cross checking, and fluency. Those tools will help you to create a great visual.”

      “Now I want you all to begin on page 2 and I will give you thirty minutes to read all four pages. Remember to draw a visual picture for each page and answer the two comprehension questions.”

      After the students have finished reading, I will pick up all their work then I will model on the white board how I would visualize each page as a group and then ask a couple of students to present their own work. “Students now I will collect all your visuals. I want you all to look up at the white board and we will visualize all together.” As a class we will walk together to create a visual for each page and I will draw it on the white board. I will do this so that students will be able to see visibly a great visual for the reading so that they can compare it to their own visual.  I will then ask a couple of students to model their own work to help students to see more examples for visualization. We will have a group discussion the rest of the class about the student’s visuals. The group discussion will be centered on comparing their own visuals with the visuals we created as a class. I want the students to see what they did right and wrong so that they are able to improve next time we visualize.



            I will assess the students by reviewing their visuals and seeing if their visuals correctly describes and shows their understanding of the text. I will also assess their answers to the two comprehension questions.  I will also assess by listening to the group discussion about visualization and what they did right or wrong in their own visuals.


Rockwell, Thomas. How to Eat Fried Worms. Random House Children’s Books; NY, 1973.

Susie R. Rodgers. Beginning to Read: Thinking and Learning about Print. The Reading Genie Website: Let Your Mind Be the Adventure! http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie//doorways/rodgersrl.html.

Return to Awakening:  Awakenings