Research Interests. Synthesis of solid-state material gradients using bipolar electrochemistry. High throughput screening of material libraries using surface analysis techniques (Raman spectroscopy, scanning electrochemical microscopy). Development of chemical and biological sensors based on the Electrochemical Proximity Assay (ECPA) (collaboration with the Easley lab). Applications of SERS and Raman microscopy in analytical chemistry. Growth of semiconductor thin films by electrochemical atomic layer epitaxy. Raman and infrared spectroscopy of surfaces and interfaces. Scanning probe microscopy.