List of publications

223. Balenger S. L. Bonneaud, C., Sefick, S., Zhang, J., Edwards, S. V., Hill, G. E. in press. Plumage color predicts infection-induced gene expression in a wild bird. Behavioral Ecology

222. Mercadante A and Hill GE (2014). An experimental test of the role of structural blue and melanin-based chestnut coloration in aggressive contests in male eastern bluebirds. Front. Ecol. Evol. 2:24. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2014.00024 PDF

221. Hill, G. E. 2014. Stress, condition, and ornamentation. Integrative and Comparative Biology 54: 533-538. PDF

220. Hill, G. E. 2014. Cellular respiration: the nexus of stress, condition, and ornamentation.  Integrative and Comparative Biology 54: 539-554. PDF

219. Zhang Q, Hill G E, Edwards S V, Backström N. 2014. A house finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) spleen transcriptome reveals intra- and interspecific patterns of gene expression, alternative splicing and genetic diversity in passerines. BMC Genomics 15:305. PDF

218. Mateos-Gonzalez, F., Hill, G. E., & Hood, W. R. (2014). Carotenoid coloration predicts escape performance in the House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus). Auk 131(3): 275-281. PDF

217. Hill, G. E. 2014. The evolution of ornamental and armaments.  In. K. Yasakawa, ed. Animal Behavior: How and Why Animals Do the Things They Do. Volume 3: Function and Evolution of Animal Behavior.  New York, NY: Praeger/ABC-CLIO. 

216. Hill. G. E. 2014. Sex linkage of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes. Heredity 112, 469–470. PDF

215. McGraw, K. J., Giraudeau, M., Hill, G. E., Toomey, M. B., & Staley, M. (2013). Ketocarotenoid circulation, but not retinal carotenoid accumulation, is linked to eye disease status in a wild songbird. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 539(2): 156-162. PDF

214. Hill, G. E. and Johnson, J. D. 2013. The mitonuclear compatibility hypothesis of sexual selection. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 280 1768; doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.1314 1471-2954 PDF

213. Surmacki, A. and Hill, G. E. 2013. Coccidial infection does not influence preening behavior in American goldfinches. Acta Ethologica DOI: 10.1007/s10211-013-0159-z PDF

212. Hill, G. E., Fu, X., Balenger, S., McGraw, K. J., Giraudeau, M., & Hood, W. R. 2013. Changes in concentrations of circulating heat‐shock proteins in House Finches in response to different environmental stressors. Journal of Field Ornithology: 84(4), 416-424. (Contribution 30%; 100% of work conducted at Auburn University. PDF

211. McClure, C. J., Rolek, B. W., & Hill, G. E. 2013. Seasonal use of habitat by shrub-breeding birds in a southeastern national forest. Wilson Journal of Ornithology: 125(4), 731-743. PDF

210. Davis, A. K., Hood, W. R., & Hill, G. E. 2013. Prevalence of Blood Parasites in Eastern Versus Western House Finches: Are Eastern Birds Resistant to Infection? EcoHealth10(3): 290-297. PDF

209. Siefferman, L., M. Liu, K. J. Navara, M. Mendonca, and G. E. Hill. 2013. Effect of prenatal and natal administration of testosterone on production of structurally based plumage coloration. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 86 (3): 323-332. DOI: 10.1086/670383 PDF

208. Estep, L. K., McClure, C. J., Vander Kelen, P., Burkett-Cadena, N. D., Sickerman, S., Hernandez, J., ... Hill, G. E. & Unnasch, T. R. (2013). Risk of exposure to eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus increases with the density of northern cardinals. PloS one8(2), e57879. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057879

207. McClure, C. and G. E. Hill. 2013. The Rusty Blackbird.  In E. Soehren (ed). Alabama Wildlife, Volume 1.University of Alabama Press. PDF

206. Johnson, J. D. and G. E. Hill. 2013. Carotenoid ornamentation linked to the inner mitochondria membrane potential?  A hypothesis for the maintenance of signal honesty.  Biochimie 95: 436–444. PDF

205. McDonald, K. C McClure, B. Rolek, G. Hill. 2012. Bird diversity shifts north with climate change. Ecology and Evolution 12: 3052-3060 DOI: 10.1002/ece3.410 PDF

204. Badyaev, A. V., V. Belloni and G. E. Hill. 2012. House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology 

203. McClure, C. J. W., Rolek, B. W., and Hill, G. E. 2012. Predicting occupancy of wintering migratory birds: is microhabitat information necessary? Condor 114:1–9. PDF

202. McClure, C. J. W. and Hill, G. E. 2012. Dynamic versus static occupancy: how stable are bird-habitat associations through a breeding season? Ecosphere 3(7):60 PDF

201. Bonneaud, C., S.L. Balenger, G. E. Hill, and A. F. Russell. 2012. Experimental evidence for distinct costs of pathogenesis and immunity against a natural pathogen in a wild bird. Molecular Ecology 21:4787–4796. PDF

200. Hill, G. E. and J. D. Johnson. 2012. The Vitamin A-Redox Hypothesis: A Biochemical Basis for Honest Signaling via Carotenoid Pigmentation. American Naturalist 180(5):E127-50. PDF

199. Ligon, R. A., Siefferman L. and G.E. Hill. 2012. Invasive ants alter native bird behavior. Ethology 118: 858–866. PDF

198. Ligon, R.A. & G.E. Hill. 2012. Is the juvenal plumage of altricial songbirds an honest signal of age? Evidence from a comparative study of thrushes (Family Turdidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2012.00668.x PDF

197. Bonneaud, C., S.L. Balenger, J. Zhang, S. V. Edwards, and G. E. Hill. 2012. Innate immunity and the evolution of resistance to an emerging infectious disease in a wild bird. Molecular Ecology 21: 2628–2639. PDF

196. Delaney. N. F., S. Balenger, C. Bonneaud, C. J. Marx, G. E. Hill, P. Tsai, A. Rodrigo, & S. V. Edwards.  2012. Rapid genome evolution and loss of phage defense following host shift in a wildlife pathogen. PLoS Genetics 8(2): e1002511. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1002511. PDF

195. McClure, C. J. W., Rolek, B. McDonald, K. and Hill, G. E. 2012. Climate change and the decline of a once common bird. Ecology and Evolution. 2(2): 370-378. PDF

194. Estep, L. K., Christopher J.W. McClure, N. Burkett-Cadena, H. Hassan, T. R. Unnasch, and G. E. Hill. 2012. Developing models for the forage ratios of Culiseta melanura
and Culex erraticus based on characteristics of avian hosts. Journal of Medical Entomology 49(2):378-387 (Contribution 10%; 90% of work conducted at Auburn University). PDF

193. McClure, C. J. W., Estep L. K., and Hill, G. E. 2012. Effects of species ecology and urbanization on accuracy of a cover-type model: A test using GAP analysis. Landscape and Urban Planning 105: 417-424. PDF

192. Hawkins, G. E. Hill, G. E. Mercadante, A. 2012. Delayed plumage maturation and delayed reproductive investment in birds.  Biological Reviews 87: 257-274. PDF

191. Surmacki, A., Liu, M., Merchadante, A., and Hill, G. E. 2011. Effect of feather abrasion on structural coloration in the eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis. J. Avian Biology 42: 514-521. PDF

190. Soley, N., Seifferman, L., Navara, K. J. and Hill, G. E. 2011. Influence of hatch order on begging and plumage coloration of nestling Eastern Bluebirds. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123: 772-778. PDF

189. Balenger S. L., C. J. S. McClure, G. E. Hill. 2011. Primer design and transcript quantification of a highly multiplexed rt-pcr for a non-model avian species, Carpodacus mexicanus. Molecular Ecology Resources doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2011.03058.x PDF

188. McClure, C. J. W., Burkett-Cadena, N. D., Ligon, R. A. and Hill, G. E. 2011. Actual or perceived abundance? Interpreting annual survey data in the face of changing phenologies. Condor 113(3): 490-500. PDF

187. Ligon, R.A., Siefferman, L.,  & G.E. Hill. 2011. Invasive fire ants reduce reproductive success and alter the reproductive strategies of a native vertebrate insectivore. PLOSone 6(7): e22578. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022578.

186. Hill, G. E. 2011. Condition-dependent traits as signals of the functionality of vital cellular processes. Ecology Letters 14: 625-634. PDF

185. Bonneaud, C., S.L. Balenger, A. F. Russell, J. Zhang, G. E. Hill, and S. V. Edwards. 2011. Rapidly evolving disease resistance manifest through functional changes in gene expression in a wild bird. PNAS 108 (19): 7866-7871. PDF

184. Burkett-Cadena, N. D., C. J. McClure, R. A. Ligon, S. P. Graham, C. G. Guyer, G. E. Hill, S. S. Ditchkoff, M. D. Eubanks, H. K. Hassan and T. R. Unnasch. 2011.  Host reproductive phenology drives seasonal patterns of host use in mosquitoes. PLoS ONE 6(3): e17681. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017681 PDF

183. McClure, C. J. W., Estep, L. K. and Hill, G. E. 2011. Using public land cover data to determine habitat associations of breeding birds in Tuskegee National Forest, Alabama. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 35: 199-209 PDF

182. McClure, C. J. W., Estep, L. K., and Hill, G. E. 2011. A Multi-Scale Analysis of Competition between the House Finch and House Sparrow in the Southeastern US. Condor 113: 462-468. PDF

181. Estep, L. K., Christopher J.W. McClure, N. Burkett-Cadena, Hassan Hassan, T. Hicks, T. R. Unnasch, and G. E. Hill. In press. A long-term study of mosquito feeding patterns on avian hosts in a southeastern focus of eastern equine encephalitis virus. J. Tropical Medicine and Hygene. PDF

180. Estep, L. K., N. Burkett-Cadena, G. E. Hill, R. S. Unnasch, and T. R. Unnasch. 2010. Dispersal of of Culex erraticus in an Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus focus. Journal of Medical Entomology. PDF

179. McKay, B. D., F. K. Barker, H. L. Mays, S. M. Doucet, and G. E. Hill. in press. A molecular phylogenetic hypothesis for the manakins (Aves: Pipridae). Molecular Ecology. PDF

178. Huggins, K. Navara, K. J., Hill, G. E., and M.T. Mendonça. 2010. Detrimental effects of carotenoid pigments: the dark side of bright coloration. Naturwissenschaften 97:637–644. PDF

177. Steffen, J. E., Hill, G. E., and Guyer, C. 2010. Carotenoid access, nutritional stress and the dewlap color of adult male brown anoles. Copeia 2: 239-246. PDF

176. Burkett-Cadena N.D., R.A. Ligon, M. Liu, H.K. Hassan, G.E. Hill, M.D. Eubanks, and T.R. Unnasch. 2010. Vector-host interactions in avian nests: do mosquitoes prefer nestlings over adults? American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 83: 395–399. PDF

175. Jacob, B. G., N. Burkett, J. Luvall, S. Parack, C. J. W. McClure, L. Estep, G. E. Hill, E. W. Cupp, R. J. Novak, and T. R. Unnasch. 2010. Developing GIS-based eastern equine encephalitis vector-host models in Tuskegee, Alabama. International Journal of Health Geographics 9: 12-27. PDF

174. Ligon, R. A. and G. E. Hill. 2010. Feeding decisions of eastern bluebirds are situationally influenced by fledgling plumage color. Behavioral Ecology 21: 256-264.173. PDF

173. Ligon, R.A., and G.E. Hill. 2010. Sex biased parental investment is correlated with mate ornamentation in Easterm Bluebirds. Animal Behaviour 79: 727-734. PDF

172. Hill, G. E., L. Siefferman, M. Liu, H. Hassan, and T. R. Unnasch. 2010. The effects of West Nile virus on the reproductive success and overwinter survival of Eastern Bluebirds in Alabama. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 10: 159-163. PDF

171. Ligon, R.A., and G.E. Hill.2009. Do adult eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis, males recognize juvenile-specific traits? Animal Behaviour 77:1267-1272. PDF

170. Ligon, R.A., M. Liu, and G.E. Hill. 2009. Adoption by a territorial passerine. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121:830-834. PDF

169. Ligon, R.A., N. Burkett, M. Liu, G.E. Hill, H.K. Hassan, and T.R. Unnasch. 2009. Assessing mosquito feeding patterns on nestling and brooding adult birds using microsatellite markers. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 81:534-537. PDF

168. Liu M., Siefferman L., Mays H.L. and G.E. Hill. 2009. A field test of female mate preference for plumage coloration in eastern bluebirds. Animal Behaviour 78: 879-885.  PDF

167. Hill, G. E., Hood, W. R. and Huggins, K. 2009. A multifactorial test of the effects of carotenoid access, food intake, and parasite load on production of ornamental feather and bill coloration in American Goldfinches. J. Experimental Biology 212:1225-1233.  PDF

166. Doucet, S. M., and Hill, G. E. 2009. Do museum specimens accurately represent wild birds? A case study of carotenoid, melanin, and structural colours in long-tailed manakins Chiroxiphia linearis. Journal of Avian Biology 40:146-156.  PDF

165. Shawkey, M. D., S. Pillai, G. E. Hill. 2008. Do feather-degrading bacteria affect sexually selected plumage color? Naturwissenschaften 96:123-128.  PDF 

164. Badyaev, A. V., Young, R. L., Hill, G. E. and Duckworth, R. A. (2008). Evolution of sex-biased maternal effects in birds. IV. Intra-ovarian growth dynamics can link sex determination and sex-specific acquisition of resources. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21: 449-460.  PDF

163. Caro T., G. E. Hill, L. Lindstrom, and M. Speed. 2008.The Colours of Animals: from Wallace to the Present Day. II. Conspicuous Colouration. In, C. Smith and G. Beccaloni, Natural Selection and Beyond: the Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace. Oxford University Press, New York.   

162. Mays H.L., Albrecht T., Liu M. and G.E. Hill 2008. Female choice for genetic complementarity in birds: a review. Genetica 134: 147-158.  PDF

161. Siefferman, L. and Hill, GE. 2008. Sex-specific costs of reproduction in the eastern bluebird Sialia sialis. Ibis 150:32-39.  PDF

160. Jonart, L. M., Hill, G. E., and Badyaev, A. V. 2007. Fighting ability and motivation: determinants of dominance and contest strategies in females of a passerine bird. Anim. Behav. 4: 1675-1681.  PDF

159. Polakova, R.,M. Vyskocilova,J-S. Martin, H.L.Mays, G.E. Hill, J. Bryja and T. Albrecht. 2007. A multiplex set of microsatellite markers for the scarlet rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus). Molecular Ecology Notes 7: 1375–1378.  PDF

158. Siefferman, L., and Hill G. E. 2007. The effect of rearing environment on blue structural coloration of easter Bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 61: 1839-1846.  PDF

157. Shawkey, M. D., S. Pillai, G. E. Hill. S. R. Roberts. 2007. Bacteria as an agent for change in structural plumage color: correlational and experimental evidence. American Naturalist 169: S112-S121.  PDF

156. Hill, G. E. 2007. Melanins and carotenoids as feather colorants and signals. In Reproductive Biology and Phyogeny of Birds. Vol. 6B. Sexual selection, behavior, Conservation, Embryology, and genetic. B. G. M. Jamieson, Ed. Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield, New Hampshire. 

155. Liu, M., Siefferman, L. and Hill, G. E.  2007. An experimental test of female choice relative to male structural coloration in eastern bluebirds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 61:623-630. PDF 

154. Doucet, S. M., D. J. Mennill, and Hill, G. E. 2007. The evolution of signal design in manakin plumage ornaments. American Naturalist 169:S62-S80.  PDF

153. Shawkey, M. D. J. Hussain, J. L. Hagelin, A. C. Vollmer, G. E. Hill. 2006. Use of culture-independent methods to compare bacterial assemblages on feathers of Crested and Least Auklets (Aethia cristatella and Aethia pusilla) with those of passerines. Waterbirds 29: 507-510.  PDF

152. Hill, G. E., D. J. Mennill, B. W. Rolek, T. L. Hicks, and K. A. Swiston. 2006. Evidence suggesting that Ivory-billed Woodpeckers exist in Florida. Avian Conservation and Ecology. Écologie et conservation des oiseaux  1: 2. [online] URL: 

151. Shawkey, M. D., G. E. Hill, Kevin J. McGraw, W. R. Hood and K. Huggins. 2006. An experimental test of the contributions and condition dependence of microstructure and carotenoids in yellow plumage colouration. Proceedings of Royal Society, Lond. Series B 273:2985-2991.  PDF

150. Estep, L. K., M. D. Shawkey, G. E. Hill. 2006. Carotenoid-based breast plumage color, body condition and clutch size in red fodies (Foudia madagascariensis).Ostrich 77: 164–169. PDF

149. Shawkey, M. D., Hauber, M., Estep, L. K., and Hill, G. E. 2006. Evolutionary transitions and structural mechanisms of matte an iridescent plumage coloration in grackles and allies (Icteridae). J. Royal Society Interface 3:777-86.  PDF

148. Navara, K. J., Badyaev, A. V., Mendonca, M. T., and Hill, G. E. 2006. Yolk antioxidants vary with male attractiveness and female condition in the house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus). Phys. and Biochem. Zoology 79: 1098–1105.   PDF

147. Badyaev, A.V., D. A. Seaman, K.J. Navara, G.E. Hill, M. T. Mendonca. 2006. Evolution of sex-biased maternal effects in birds: III. Adjustment of ovulation order enables sex-specific allocation of hormones, carotenoids, and vitamins. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 1044–1057.  PDF

146. Shawkey, M. D., Balenger, S., Hill, G. E., Johnson, L., Keyser, A., and Siefferman, L. 2006. Mechanisms of evolutionary change in structural plumage coloration among bluebirds (Sialia spp.). Journal of the Royal Society Interface 3: 527 – 532.  PDF

145. Navara, KJ, Siefferman, LM, Hill, GE, and Mendonca, MT. 2006. Yolk androgens vary inversely to maternal androgens in Eastern Bluebirds: An experimental study. Functional Ecology. 20: 449-456.  PDF

144. Shawkey, M. D., and  G. E. Hill. 2006. Significance of a basal melanin layer to production of non-iridescent structural plumage colour: evidence from an amelanotic Steller’s Jay (Cyanocitta stelleri).  J. Exper Biol 209: 1245-1250. PDF

143. Doucet, SM, Shawkey, MD, Hill, GE, and Montgomerie, R. 2006. Iridescent plumage in satin bowerbirds: structure, mechanisms, and nanostructural predictors of individual variation in colour. Journal of Experimental Biology 209, 380-390. PDF

142. Hill, G. E. 2006. Female mate choice for ornamental coloration. In Bird Coloration, Volume 2. Function and Evolution. G. E. Hill and K. J. McGraw, eds.  Havard Univ Press, Cambridge, MA.

141. Hill, G. E. 2006. Environmental regulation of ornamental coloration. In Bird Coloration, Volume 1. Mechanisms and measurements.  pp 507-560. G. E. Hill and K. J. McGraw, eds.  Havard Univ Press, Cambridge, MA.

140. Unnasch, R. S., T. Sprenger, C. R. Katholi, E. W. Cupp, G. E. Hill and T. R. Unnasch. 2006. A dynamic transmission model of Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus. Ecological Modeling 192: 425–440 PDF

139. Navara, KJ, Hill, GE, and MT Mendonça. 2006. Yolk androgen deposition as a compensatory strategy.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 60: 392-398. PDF

138. Wang, Z, K. Farmer, G. E. Hill, S. V. Edwards. 2006. A cDNA macroarray approach to parasite-induced gene expression changes in a songbird host: genetic response of House Finches to experimental infection by Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Molecular Ecology 15: 1263-1273.  PDF

137. Siefferman, L., Navara, K. J. and Hill GE. 2006. Egg coloration is correlated with female condition in eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 59: 651-656. PDF

136. Navara, KJ, Hill, GE, and Mendonca, MT. 2006. Yolk testosterone stimulate growth and immunity in house finch chicks. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 79: 550-555.  PDF

135. Mennill, D. J., A. V. Badyaev, L. M.  Jonart, and G. E. Hill. 2006. Male house finches with elaborate songs have higher reproductive performance. Ethology 112: 174-180.  PDF

134. Siefferman, L and Hill, G. E. 2005. Blue structural coloration of male eastern bluebirds Sialia sialis predicts incubation provisioning to females. J. Avian Biol. 36: 488-493. PDF

133. Estep, L. K., Mays, H., Keyser, A. J., Ballentine, B. E. and Hill, G. E. 2005. Effects of breeding density and plumage coloration on mate guarding and cuckoldry in blue grosbeaks (Passerina caerulea) Canadian Journal of Zoology 83 1143-1148. PDF

132. Siefferman, L. and Hill GE. 2005. Evidence for sexual selection on structural plumage coloration in female eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Evolution 59:1819–1828. PDF

131. Gilbert , W. M.,  P. M. Nolan, A. M. Stoehr, and G. E. Hill. 2005. Filial cannibalism at a House Finch nest. Wilson Bulletin 117:413-415. PDF

130. Shawkey, M. D., and  G. E. Hill. 2005. Carotenoids need nanostructures to shine. Biology Letters 1:121-124. PDF

129. Navara, KJ, Hill, GE, and MT Mendonça. 2005. Variable effects of yolk androgens on growth, survival, and immunity in bluebird nestlings. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 78: 570-578.  PDF

128. Hill, G. E., and Farmer, K. L. 2005. Carotenoid-based plumage coloration predicts resistance to a novel parasite in the house finch. Naturwissenschaften 92: 30-34. PDF

127. Farmer, K. L.; Hill, G. E.; and Roberts, S. R. 2005. Susceptibility of wild songbirds to the house finch strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum. J. Wildlife Disease 41: 317-325.  PDF

126. Shawkey, M. D., K. M. Mills, C. R. Dale, and G. E. Hill. 2005. Microbial diversity of wild bird feathers revealed through molecular phylogenetic and culture-based techniques. Microbial Ecology 50 :40-47. PDF

125. McGraw, K. J., J. Hudon, G. E. Hill, and R. S. Parker. 2005. A simple and inexpensive chemical test for behavioral ecologists to determine the presence of carotenoid pigments in animal tissues. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 57:391–397.  PDF

124. Siefferman, L., and Hill, G. E. 2005. Male eastern bluebirds trade future ornamentation for current reproductive investment. Biology Letters 1: 208-211. PDF 

123. McGraw, K. J., G. E. Hill, and R. S. Parker. 2005. The physiological costs of being colorful: nutritional control of carotenoid utilization in the American goldfinch (Carduelis tristis). Animal Behaviour 69:653-660. PDF

122. Shawkey, M.D., A.M. Estes, L.M. Siefferman, and G.E. Hill. 2005. The annatomical basis of sexual dichromatism in non-irisdescent ultraviolet-blue structural colouration of feathers. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 84:259-271. PDF

121. Siefferman, L., G. E. Hill and F. S. Dobson. 2005. Ornamental plumage coloration  and condition is dependent on age in eastern bluebirds.  J Avian Biology 36:428-435. PDF

120. Hill, G. E., Doucet, S. M., and Buchholz, R.  2005. The effect of coccidial infection on iridescent plumage coloration in wild turkeys. Animal Behaviour 69: 387–394 .  PDF

119. Siefferman, L. and Hill GE. 2005. UV-blue structural coloration and competition for nest boxes in male eastern bluebirds. Animal Behaviour 69: 67-72. PDF

118. Mays, H. L., and G. E. Hill. 2005. Choosing mates: Good genes versus genes that are a good fit. Trends Ecol. Evol. 19: 554-559. PDF

117. Hill, G. E. 2004. A head start for come Redstarts. Science 306: 2201-2202. PDF

116. Nolnam, P. M., S. R. Roberts, G. E. Hill. 2004. Effects of Mycoplasma gallisepticum on reproductive successin House Finches. Avian Diseases 48: 879-885. PDF

115. Shawkey, M. D. and G. E. Hill. 2004. Feathers at a fine scale. Auk 121: 652-655. PDF

114. McGraw, K. J, and G. E. Hill. 2004. Plumage color as a dynamic trait: carotenoid pigmentation of house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) fades during the breeding season. Can. J. Zool. 82: 734-738. PDF

113. Hill, G. E., K. Farmer, and M. L. Beck. 2004. The effect of Mycoplasmosis on carotenoid plumage coloration in male house finches. The Journal of Experimental Biology 207: 2095-2099. PDF

112. Cupp, E. W., K. J. Tennessen, W. K. Oldland, H. K. Hassan, G. E. Hill, C. R. Katholi, and T. R. Unnasch. 2004. Mosquito and arbovirus activity during 1997-2002 in a wetland in Northeastern Mississippi. J. Med. Enthomology 41: 495-501. PDF
111. McGraw, K. J, S. Ito, K. Wakamatsu, P.M. Nolan, P. Jouventin, F.S. Dobson, R.E. Austic, R.J. Safran, L.M. Siefferman, G.E. Hill, and R.S. Parker. 2004 "You can’t always judge a plumage pigment by its color”: carotenoid and melanin content of yellow- and brown-colored feathers in swallows, bluebirds, penguins, and domestic chicks. Condor 106: 390-395. PDF

110. Duckworth, R. A., Mendonça , M. T., and Hill, G. E. 2004. Condition-dependent sexual traits and social dominance in the house finch. Behavioral Ecology15:779-784. PDF

109. McGraw, K. J., G. E. Hill, Navara, K. J. and R. S. Parker. 2004. Differences in the physiological accumulation and pigmenting ability of dietary carotenoids in two colorful finch species . Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 77:484-491. PDF

108. Nolan, P. M. and Hill, G. E. 2004. Female choice for song characteristics in the House Finch. Animal Behaviour 67:403-410. PDF

107. Hill, G. E.  and. McGraw, K. J. 2004. Correlated changes in male plumage coloration and female mate choice in cardueline finches. Animal Behaviour  67:27-35. PDF

106. McGraw, K. J. and G. E. Hill. 2003. Mate attentiveness, seasonal timing of breeding, and long-term pair bonding in the house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus). Behaviour 141:1-13. PDF

105. Badyaev, A. V. and Hill, G. E. 2003. Avian sexual dichromatism in relation to phylogeny and ecology. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 34:27-49. PDF

104. H. K. Hassan, E. W. Cupp, G. E. Hill, C. R. Katholi, K. Klingler, and T. R. Unnasch. 2003. Avian Host Preference by Vectors of Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg 69: 641-647 PDF

103. Wang, Z., Baker, A. J., Hill, G. E., Edwards, S. 2003. Reconciling actual and inferred population histories in the house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus) by AFLP analysis. Evolution 57: 2852–2864. PDF

102. McGraw , K. J., M. D. Beebee, G. E. Hill, Jr, R. S. Parker. 2003.  Lutein-based plumage coloration in songbirds is a consequence of selective pigment incorporation into feathers. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B 135:689-696. PDF

101. Shawkey, M. D., S. Pillai, G. E. Hill. S. R. Roberts. 2003. Chemical warfare? Effects of uropygial oil on feather- degrading bacteria.  Journal of Avian Biology 34:345-349 PDF

100. McGraw, K. J., G. E. Hill., and R. S. Parker. 2003. Carotenoid pigments in a mutant cardinal: implications for the enzymatic and genetic control mechanisms of carotenoid metabolism in birds. Condor 105:587-592. PDF

99. Ballentine, B. E. and Hill, G. E. 2003. Female mate choice in relation to structural plumage coloration in Blue Grosbeaks. Condor 105: 593-598 PDF

98. Shawkey, M. D., A. M. Estes, L. M. Siefferman, G. E. Hill. 2003. Nanostructure predicts intraspecific variation in structural plumage colour. Proceedings of Royal Society, Lond. Series B 270:1455-1460. PDF

97. Badyaev, A.V., G. E. Hill, & M. L. Beck. 2003. Interaction between maternal effects: Onset of incubation and offspring sex in two populations of a passerine bird. Oecologia 135: 386–390. PDF

96. Duckworth, R.A., A.V. Badyaev, A.V., K. L. Farmer, G. E. Hill, and S. R. Roberts. 2003. First case of mycoplasmosis in the native range of the House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus). Auk 120: 528-530. PDF

95. Hill, G. E and K. J. McGraw. 2003. Melanin color and nutrition. Science 299:660. PDF

94. Siefferman, L. and Hill, G.E. 2003. Structural and melanin coloration indicate parental effort and reproductive success in male eastern bluebirds (Sialia Sialis). Behavioral Ecology 14: 855-861. PDF

93. Navara, K. J. and Hill, G. E. 2003. Dietary carotenoid pigments and immune function in a songbird with extensive carotenoid-based plumage coloration. Behavioral Ecology 14: 909-916. PDF

92. Badyaev A.V., Beck M.L., Hill G.E., Whittingham, L.A. 2003. The evolution of sexual size dimorphism in the House Finch: V. Maternal effects. Evolution 57:384-396.  PDF

91. Ballentine, B. E., Badyaev, A. V., and Hill, G. E. 2003. Changes in song complexity correspond to periods of female fertility in blue grosbeaks. Ethology 109:55-66. PDF

90. Tucker, J. W., Jr., G. E. Hill, and N. R. Holler. 2003.  Longleaf pine restoration: implications for landscape-level effects on bird communities in the lower Gulf Coastal Plain. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 27: 107-121 PDF

89. Shawkey, M. D., M. L. Beck, and G. E. Hill. 2003. Use of a gel documentation system to measure feather growth bars. Journal of Field Ornithology 74:125-128 PDF

88. Badyaev, A. V., and Hill, G. E. 2002. Avian quick-change artists. Natural History 111:58-65.

87. Hill, G. E., Inouye, C Y., and R. M. Montgomerie. 2002. Dietary carotenoids predict plumage coloration in wild house finches. Proceedings of Royal Society, Lond. Series B. 262:1119-1124. PDF

86. McGraw, K. J., P. M. Nolan, A. M. Stoehr, and G. E. Hill. 2002. Intersexual differences in age-specific parental effort in the House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus). Etologia 9:35-41. PDF

85. Badyaev, A.V., and Hill, G.E. 2002. Paternal care as a conditional strategy: Distinct reproductive tactics associated with elaboration of plumage ornamentation in the House Finch. Behavioral Ecology 13:591-597. PDF

84. Badyaev, A.V., Hill, G.E., Beck, M.L., Dervan, A.A., Duckworth, R.A., McGraw, K.J., Nolan, P.M., and Whittingham, L.A. 2002. Sex-biased hatching order and adaptive population divergence in a passerine bird. Science 95:316-318. PDF

83. Badyaev, A.V., Hill, G.E., and Whittingham, L.A. 2002. Population consequences of maternal effects: sex-bias in egg laying order facilitates divergence in sexual dimorphism between bird populations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 15: 997-1003. PDF

82. Farmer, K. L., Hill, G. E., and Roberts, S. R. 2002. Susceptibility of a naive population of House Finches to Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 38:282-286 PDF

81. McGraw, K. J., G. E. Hill., R. Stradi, and R. S. Parker. 2002.  The effect of carotenoid access in the diet on sexual dichromatism and plumage pigment composition in American goldfinches. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B131:261-269. PDF

80. Lee, J.H., Hassan, H., Hill, G. E., Cupp, E.W., Higazi, T.B., Mitchell, C.J., Godsey, M.S., and Unnasch, T.R. 2002 Identification of Mosquito Avian-Derived Blood Meals by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Heteroduplex Analysis.  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 66:599-604. PDF

79. Badyaev, A.V., G. E. Hill, L. A. Whittingham. 2001. Evolution of sexual dimorphism in the House Finch: IV. Population divergence in ontogeny. Evolution 55:2534-2549. PDF

78. McGraw, K. J., Hill, G. E., Stradi, R., Parker, R. S. 2001. The Influence of carotenoid acquisition and utilization on the maintenance of species-typical plumage pigmentation in male American Goldfinches (Carduelis tristis) and Northern Cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis). Physiology and Biochemical Zoology 74:843-852. PDF

77.  Duckworth, R. A., Mendonça , M. T., and Hill, G. E. 2001.  The condition dependence of testosterone and its relation to coccidial infection in the House Finch. Proceedings of Royal Society, Lond. Series B 268:2467-2472. PDF

76.  Badyaev, A.V., G. E. Hill, and B. V. Weckworth. 2002. Species divergence in sexually selected traits: Increase in song elaboration is related to decrease in plumage ornamentation in finches. Evolution 56: 412-419. PDF

75.  McGraw, K. J., and G.E. Hill. 2002. Testing reversed sexual dominance from an ontogenetic perspective: juvenile female House Finches Carpodacus mexicanus are dominant to juvenile males. Ibis 144:139-142. PDF

74. Nolan, P. M., A. M. Stoehr, G. E. Hill, and K. J. McGraw. 2001. The number of provisioning visits by house finches predicts the mass of food delivered. Condor 103:851-855. PDF

73. McGraw, K. J. and G. E. Hill. 2001. Carotenoid access and intraspecific variation in plumage pigmentation in male American Goldfinches (Carduelis tristis) and Northern Cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis). Funct. Ecol. 15:732-739. PDF

72. Stoehr, A. M., K. J. McGraw, P. M. Nolan, and G. E. Hill. 2001. Parental care in relation to brood size in the House Finch. J. Field Ornithology 72:412-418. PDF

71. Stoehr, A., and G. E. Hill. 2001. The effects of elevated testosterone on plumage hue  in male house finches. J. Avian Biology  32:153-158. PDF

70. Badyaev, A.V., G. E. Hill, P.O. Dunn, and J.C. Glen. 2001. Plumage color as a composite trait: Developmental and functional integration of sexual ornamentation. American Naturalist: 158:221-235. PDF

69. Inouye, C Y., G. E. Hill, R. M. Montgomerie, and R. D. Stradi. 2001. Carotenoid pigments in male House Finch plumge in relation to age, subspecies, and ornamental coloration. Auk 118: 900-915. PDF

68. Badyaev, A.V., Wittingham, L. A. and G. E. Hill. 2001. Evolution of sexual dimorphism in the House Finch: III. Developmental basis. Evolution 54:2134-2144. PDF

67. Roberts, S. R., P. M. Nolan, L. H. Lauerman, Lan-Qing Li, and G. E. Hill. 2001. Characterization of the mycoplasmal conjunctivitis epidemic in a southeastern House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus) population.  J. Wildlife Disease 37:82-88. PDF

66. McGraw, K. J., A. M. Stoehr, P. M. Nolan, and G. E. Hill. 2001. Plumage redness predicts breeding onset and reproductive success in the House Finch: a validation of Darwin’s theory. J. Avian Biology  32:90-94. PDF

65. Roberts, S. R., P. M. Nolan, and G. E. Hill. 2001. Characterization of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in captive house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) in 1998. Avian Diseases 45:70-75. PDF

64. Hill, G. E. 2001. Pox and plumage coloration in the House Finch: a response to Zahn and Rothstein. Auk 118:256-260. PDF

63. Stoehr, A. M., P. M. Nolan, G. E. Hill, and K. J. McGraw. 2000. Nest mites (Pellonyssus reedi) and the reproductive biology of the House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 78:2126-2133. PDF

62. Nolan, P. M., R. A. Duckworth, G. E. Hill, and S. R. Roberts. 2000. Maintenance of a captive flock of house finches free of infection by Mycoplasma gallisepticumAvian Diseases 44: 948-952. PDF

61. McGraw, K. J. and G. E. Hill. 2000. Differential effects of endoparasitism on the expression of carotenoid- and melanin-based ornamental coloration. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 267:1525-1531. PDF

60. McGraw, K. J., and G. E. Hill. 2000. Carotenoid-based ornamentation and status signaling in the House Finch. Behavioral Ecology 11:520-527. PDF

59. Stoehr, A., and G. E. Hill. 2000. Testosterone and the allocation of reproductive effort in male House Finches (Carpodacus mexicanus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 48:407-411. PDF

58. Brawner, W. R. III, G. E. Hill, and C. A. Sundermann. 2000. Effects of coccidial and mycoplasmal infections on carotenoid-based plumage pigmentation in male House Finches. Auk 117:952-963. PDF

57. Badyaev, A.V., Hill, G.E. Stoehr, A.M., Nolan. P.M, and K. J. McGraw. 2000. The evolution of sexual dimorphism in the House Finch: II. Population divergence in relation to local selection. Evolution 54:2134-2144. PDF

56. Badyaev, A.V., and G. E. Hill. 2000. Evolution of sexual dimorphism in the House Finch: I. Population divergence in morphological covariance structure. Evolution 54:1784-1794. PDF

55. Hill, G. E. 2000. Energetic constraints on expression of carotenoid-based plumage coloration in male House Finches. Journal Avian Biology 31:559-566. PDF

54. McGraw, K. J., and G. E. Hill. 2000. Plumage brightness and breeding-season dominance in the House Finch: a negatively correlated handicap? Condor 102:456-461. PDF

53. Keyser A. J., and, G. E. Hill. 2000. Structurally based plumage coloration is a honest signal of quality in male Blue Grosbeaks. Behavioral Ecology 11:202-209. PDF

52. Badyaev, A.V., and G. E. Hill. 2000. Evolution of sexual dichromatism: Contribution of carotenoid- versus melanin-based coloration. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 153-172. PDF

51. Hill, G. E. 1999. Is there an immunological cost to carotenoid-based ornamental coloration? American Naturalist 154:589-595. PDF

50. Keyser A. J., and, G. E. Hill. 1999. Condition-dependent variation in the blue-ultraviolet coloration of a structurally based plumage ornament. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. B  266:771-774. PDF

49. Brawner, W. R. III, and G. E. Hill. 1999. Temporal variation in shedding of coccidial oocysts: implications for sexual selection studies. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77:(2)347-350. PDF

48. McGraw, K. J., G. E. Hill, and A. J. Keyser. 1999. Ultraviolet reflectance of colored plastic leg bands. J. Field. Ornithol. 70:236-243. PDF

47. McGraw, K. J. and G. E. Hill. 1999. Induced homosexual behaviour in male House Finches (Carpodacus mexicanus): the "Prisoner Effect". Ethol. Ecol. Evol. 11:197-201. PDF

46. Plentovich, S., Holler, N.R., and G.E. Hill. 1999. Habitat requirements of Henslow's Sparrow wintering in silvicultural lands of the Gulf Coastal Plain. Auk 116:109-115. PDF

45a. Hill, G. E. 1999. Mate choice, male quality, and carotenoid-based plumage coloration. Pp. 1654-1668 In Adams, N. and Slotow, R. (Eds), Proc. 22 Int. Ornithol. Congr. Durban, University of Natal. Durban. PDF

45b. Badyaev, A.V., and G.E. Hill. 1999. Variation in avian sexual dichromatism in relation to phylogeny and ecology: a review. Pp. 1687-1705 In Adams, N. and Slotow, R. (Eds), Proc. 22 Int. Ornithol. Congr. Durban, University of Natal. Durban. PDF

44. Hill, G. E., Nolan, P. M., and Stoehr, A. 1999. Pairing success relative to male plumage redness and pigment symmetry in the House Finch: temporal and geographic constancy. Behavioral Ecology 10:48-53. PDF

43. Hill, G. E. 1998. The importance of Longleaf Pine and hardwood forests for breeding birds in the Talladega Mountains, Alabama. Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science 69: 206-222. PDF

42. Hill, G. E., and W. R. Brawner III. 1998. Melanin-based plumage colouration in the House Finch is unaffected by coccidial infection. Proc. Roy. Sco. London, B 265:1105-1109. PDF

41. Nolan, P. M., G. E. Hill and A. M. Stoehr. 1998. Sex, size, and plumage redness predict House Finch survival in an epidemic. Proc. Roy. Sco. London, B 265:961-965. PDF

40. Plentovich, S. M., N. R. Holler, and G. E. Hill. 1998. Site fidelity of wintering Henslow’s Sparrows. J. Field Ornithology 69:486-490. PDF

39. Tucker, J. W., Hill, G. E., and Holler, N. R. 1998. Managing mid-rotation pine plantations to enhance Bachman’s Sparrow habitat. Wildlife Society Bulletin 26:342-348. PDF

38. Keyser, A. J., G. E. Hill, and E. Soehren. 1998. Effects of forest fragmentation size, nest density, and proximity to edge on risk of predation to ground-nesting passerine bird. Conservation Biology  12:986-994. PDF

37. Tobias, M. J., and G. E. Hill. 1998. A test of sensory bias for long tails in the House Finch. Animal Behaviour 56:71-78. PDF

36. Hill, G. E. 1998. An easy, inexpensive method to quantify plumage coloration. Journal of Field Ornithology 69:353-363. PDF

35. Hill, G. E. 1998. Use of forest habitats by breeding birds in the southern coastal plain, Alabama. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 22:133-137. PDF

34. Hill, G. E. 1998. Plumage redness and pigment symmetry in the House Finch. Journal of Avian Biology 29:86-92. PDF

33. Hill, G. E., R. S. Sargent, and M. G. Sargent. 1998. Recent change in the winter distribution of the Rufous Hummingbirds. Auk  115:240-245. PDF

32. Plentovich, S., Tucker, J., Holler, N., and Hill, G. E. 1998. Enhancing Bachman's Sparrow habitat through management for Red-cockaded Woodpeckers. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:1-50. PDF

31. Hill, G. E. 1997. The effects on bird communities of converting southern hardwood forests to pine plantations. Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science 68:285-295.  PDF

30. Hill, G. E. 1996. Subadult plumage in the House Finch and tests of models for the evolution of delayed plumage maturation. Auk 113:858-874. PDF

29. Hill, G. E. 1996. Redness as a measure of the production costs of ornamental coloration. Ethology, Ecology and Evolution  8:157-175. PDF

28. Hill, G. E. 1995. Seasonal variation in circulating carotenoid pigments in the House Finch. Auk 112:1057-1061. PDF

27. Hill, G. E. 1995. Interspecific variation in plasma color in relation to carotenoid plumage coloration. Auk 112:1054-1057. PDF

26. Hill, G. E. 1995. Evolutionary inference from patterns of female preference and male display. Behavioral Ecology 6:350-351.

25. Hill, G. E., and Benkman, C. W. 1995. Exceptional response by female Red Crossbills to dietary carotenoid supplementation. Wilson Bulletin 107:620-621. PDF

24. Hill, G. E. 1995. Black-headed Grosbeak. In Birds of North America, No. 143. A. Poole, P. Stettenheim, F. Gill, Eds. Washington: American Ornithologists' Union.

23. Hill, G. E. 1995. Ornamental traits as indicators of environmental health. Bioscience 45:25-31. PDF

22. Hill, G. E., and R. Montgomerie. 1994.  Plumage color signals nutritional condition in the House Finch. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B. 258:47-52. PDF

21. Hill, G. E. 1994. Trait elaboration via adaptive mate choice: sexual conflict in the evolution of signals of male quality. Ethology, Ecology and Evolution 6:351-370. PDF

20. Hill, G. E. 1994. Testis mass and subadult plumage in Black-headed Grosbeaks. Condor 96:626-630. PDF

19. Hill, G. E. 1994. House Finches are what they eat: a reply to Hudon. Auk 111:221-225. PDF

18. Hill, G. E., R. Montgomerie, C. Roeder, and P. Boag. 1994. Sexual selection and cuckoldry in a monogamous songbird: implications for sexual selection theory. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 35:193-199. PDF

17. Hill, G. E., R. Montgomerie, C. Inouye, and J. Dale. 1994. Influence of dietary carotenoids on plasma and plumage color in the House Finch: Intra- and intersexual variation. Functional Ecology  8:343-350. PDF

16. Hill, G. E. 1994. Geographic variation in male ornamentation and female mate preference in the House Finch: A comparative test of models of sexual selection. Behavioral Ecology 5:64-73. PDF

15. Hill, G. E. 1993. Male mate choice and the evolution of female coloration in the House Finch. Evolution 47:1515-1525. PDF

14. Hill, G. E. 1993. Geographic variation in the carotenoid plumage pigmentation of male House Finches (Carpodacus mexicanus). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 49:63-86. PDF

13. Hill, G. E. 1993. House Finch. In Birds of North America. A. Poole, P. Stettenheim, F. Gill, Eds. Philadelphia: American Ornithologists' Union.

12. Hill, G. E. 1993. The proximate basis of inter- and intra-population variation in female plumage coloration in the House Finch. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71:100-110. PDF

11. Hill, G. E. 1992. The proximate basis of variation in carotenoid pigmentation in male House Finches. Auk 109:1-12. PDF

10. Hill, G. E. 1992. An inexpensive source of colored leg bands. Journal of Field Ornithology 63:408-410. PDF

9. Hill, G. E. 1991. Plumage coloration is a sexually selected indicator of male quality. Nature. 350:337-339. PDF

8. Hill, G. E. 1990. Female house finches prefer colorful males: sexual selection for a condition-dependent trait. Animal Behaviour 40:563-572. PDF

7. Hill, G. E. 1989. Late spring arrival and dull nuptial plumage: Aggression avoidance by yearling males? Animal Behaviour 37:665-673. PDF

6. Hill, G. E., and D. E. Carr. 1989. Statistical inference from color-banding data. Auk 517-518. PDF

5. Hill, G. E. 1988. The function of delayed plumage maturation in male Black-headed Grosbeaks. Auk 105:1-10. PDF

4. Hill, G. E. 1988. Age, plumage brightness, territory quality, and reproductive success in the Black-headed Grosbeak. Condor 90:379-388. PDF

3. Hill, G. E. 1987. Aging and Sexing Black-headed Grosbeaks in alternate plumage. Journal of Field Ornithology 58:311-317. PDF

2. Hill, G. E. 1986. The function of distress calls given by Tufted Titmice (Parus bicolor). Animal Behaviour 34:590-598. PDF

1. Hill, G. E. 1986. Severe aggression between female Black-headed Grosbeaks. Wilson Bulletin 98:486-488. PDF

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Last Update:  May, 2011